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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:suramin
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Accession:CHEBI:45906 term browser browse the term
Definition:A member of the class of phenylureas that is urea in which each of the amino groups has been substituted by a 3-({2-methyl-5-[(4,6,8-trisulfo-1-naphthyl)carbamoyl]phenyl}carbamoyl)phenyl group. An activator of both the rabbit skeletal muscle RyR1 and sheep cardiac RyR2 isoform ryanodine receptor channels, it has been used for the treatment of human African trypanosomiasis for over 100 years.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: 8,8'-{carbonylbis[imino-3,1-phenylenecarbonylimino(4-methyl-3,1-phenylene)carbonylimino]}dinaphthalene-1,3,5-trisulfonic acid
 related_synonym: 8,8'-[CARBONYLBIS[IMINO-3,1-PHENYLENECARBONYLIMINO(4-METHYL-3,1-PHENYLENE)CARBONYLIMINO]]BIS-1,3,5-NAPHTHALENETRISULFONIC ACID;   Belganyl;   Formula=C51H40N6O23S6;   InChI=1S/C51H40N6O23S6/c1-25-9-11-29(49(60)54-37-13-15-41(83(69,70)71)35-21-33(81(63,64)65)23-43(45(35)37)85(75,76)77)19-39(25)56-47(58)27-5-3-7-31(17-27)52-51(62)53-32-8-4-6-28(18-32)48(59)57-40-20-30(12-10-26(40)2)50(61)55-38-14-16-42(84(72,73)74)36-22-34(82(66,67)68)24-44(46(36)38)86(78,79)80/h3-24H,1-2H3,(H,54,60)(H,55,61)(H,56,58)(H,57,59)(H2,52,53,62)(H,63,64,65)(H,66,67,68)(H,69,70,71)(H,72,73,74)(H,75,76,77)(H,78,79,80);   InChIKey=FIAFUQMPZJWCLV-UHFFFAOYSA-N;   Naganol;   Naphuride;   SMILES=C12=C(C=C(C=C1C(=CC=C2NC(C3=CC=C(C(NC(C=4C=CC=C(NC(NC5=CC=CC(C(NC=6C(=CC=C(C(NC=7C8=C(C=C(C=C8C(=CC7)S(O)(=O)=O)S(O)(=O)=O)S(O)(=O)=O)=O)C6)C)=O)=C5)=O)C4)=O)=C3)C)=O)S(O)(=O)=O)S(O)(=O)=O)S(O)(=O)=O
 alt_id: CHEBI:45904;   CHEBI:9363
 xref: AGR:IND606744035;   Beilstein:3230873;   Beilstein:8185304;   CAS:145-63-1;   DrugBank:DB04786;   Drug_Central:2966;   KEGG:C07974;   LINCS:LSM-5775
 xref_mesh: MESH:D013498
 xref: PDBeChem:SVR;   PMID:11549724;   PMID:15733555;   PMID:15774519;   PMID:28457855;   PMID:29414872;   PMID:30172846;   PMID:30393012;   PMID:30449075;   PMID:30528604;   PMID:30543088;   PMID:30771091;   PMID:31346035;   PMID:31409229;   PMID:31667504;   PMID:31727005;   PMID:31803569;   PMID:31844000;   PMID:7947391;   PMID:8769855


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suramin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Calca calcitonin-related polypeptide alpha multiple interactions EXP Suramin inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate promotes the reaction [Protons results in increased secretion of CALCA protein]] CTD PMID:12044622 NCBI chr 1:184,184,018...184,188,922
Ensembl chr 1:184,184,020...184,188,911
JBrowse link
G Casp1 caspase 1 multiple interactions EXP Suramin inhibits the reaction [Glucose results in increased activity of CASP1 protein] CTD PMID:21832250 NCBI chr 8:2,605,743...2,614,637
Ensembl chr 8:2,604,962...2,614,631
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased expression of CASP3]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [Clodronic Acid results in increased expression of CASP3] CTD PMID:19448140 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Chrna7 cholinergic receptor nicotinic alpha 7 subunit increases expression ISO Suramin results in increased expression of CHRNA7 protein CTD PMID:23516405 NCBI chr 1:123,897,341...124,039,263
Ensembl chr 1:123,899,657...124,039,196
JBrowse link
G Creb1 cAMP responsive element binding protein 1 multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [sphingosine 1-phosphate results in increased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein] CTD PMID:18612546 NCBI chr 9:71,229,753...71,298,994
Ensembl chr 9:71,230,108...71,293,435
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a2 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 2 decreases activity ISO Suramin results in decreased activity of CYP1A2 protein CTD PMID:11124226 NCBI chr 8:62,451,360...62,458,244
Ensembl chr 8:62,451,329...62,458,301
JBrowse link
G Cyp1b1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily b, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased expression of CYP1B1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22167199 NCBI chr 6:2,308,179...2,316,739
Ensembl chr 6:2,307,808...2,316,722
JBrowse link
G Cyp2c6v1 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 6, variant 1 decreases activity ISO Suramin results in decreased activity of CYP2C19 protein CTD PMID:11124226 NCBI chr 1:147,713,879...147,814,410
Ensembl chr 1:147,713,892...147,888,007
JBrowse link
G Egfr epidermal growth factor receptor multiple interactions EXP Suramin inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased phosphorylation of EGFR protein] CTD PMID:9710602 NCBI chr14:99,919,485...100,104,136
Ensembl chr14:99,919,485...100,098,796
JBrowse link
G Fgf2 fibroblast growth factor 2 increases expression ISO Suramin results in increased expression of FGF2 CTD PMID:8394679 NCBI chr 2:124,081,072...124,134,133
Ensembl chr 2:124,081,072...124,134,681
JBrowse link
G Fgf5 fibroblast growth factor 5 increases expression ISO Suramin results in increased expression of FGF5 CTD PMID:8394679 NCBI chr14:12,974,921...12,996,046
Ensembl chr14:12,974,921...12,995,584
JBrowse link
G Fgf7 fibroblast growth factor 7 affects localization
multiple interactions
ISO Suramin affects the localization of FGF7 protein
Suramin inhibits the reaction [FGF7 protein binds to FGFR2 protein]
CTD PMID:15733146 NCBI chr 3:118,315,859...118,368,464
Ensembl chr 3:118,317,761...118,366,872
JBrowse link
G Fgfr2 fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [FGF7 protein binds to FGFR2 protein] CTD PMID:15733146 NCBI chr 1:200,590,951...200,696,946
Ensembl chr 1:200,590,953...200,696,928
JBrowse link
G Fmr1 FMRP translational regulator 1 multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [Poly I-C results in decreased expression of FMR1 protein] CTD PMID:23516405 NCBI chr  X:154,684,924...154,722,369
Ensembl chr  X:154,684,935...154,722,314
JBrowse link
G Gusb glucuronidase, beta decreases activity EXP suramin decreases activity of beta-glucuronidase in rat spleen, kidney, and lung RGD PMID:2879381 RGD:42724461 NCBI chr12:30,202,066...30,215,583
Ensembl chr12:30,198,822...30,227,771
JBrowse link
G Hpgds hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase decreases activity ISO Suramin results in decreased activity of HPGDS protein CTD PMID:25603235 NCBI chr 4:95,945,356...95,970,666
Ensembl chr 4:95,946,025...95,970,666
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 multiple interactions
decreases activity
ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of IL10 protein]
Suramin results in decreased activity of IL10 protein
CTD PMID:15914193 NCBI chr13:47,738,933...47,743,392
Ensembl chr13:47,739,526...47,743,392
JBrowse link
G Il12b interleukin 12B increases expression ISO Suramin results in increased expression of IL12B protein CTD PMID:15914193 NCBI chr10:30,034,447...30,048,774
Ensembl chr10:30,038,709...30,048,085
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased expression of IL6 protein]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [Silicon Dioxide analog results in increased expression of IL6 protein]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [Uridine Triphosphate results in increased expression of IL6 protein]
Suramin inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of IL6 protein]
CTD PMID:24793913 PMID:24849676 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Lmna lamin A/C multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [LMNA protein binds to and results in increased activity of SIRT1 protein] CTD PMID:23217256 NCBI chr 2:187,842,884...187,863,552
Ensembl chr 2:187,842,885...187,863,516
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
Suramin inhibits the reaction [arsenic acid results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [arsenite results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [Estradiol results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [sphingosine 1-phosphate results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
Suramin inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein]
Suramin inhibits the reaction [2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroperoxy-4-methyl-2,5-cyclohexadienone results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [Poly I-C results in decreased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
CTD PMID:8758915 PMID:9710602 PMID:14674888 PMID:15930183 PMID:18612546 PMID:23516405 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
Suramin inhibits the reaction [arsenic acid results in increased activity of MAPK3 protein]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [arsenite results in increased activity of MAPK3 protein]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [Estradiol results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [sphingosine 1-phosphate results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
Suramin inhibits the reaction [Poly I-C results in decreased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
Suramin inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK3 protein]
CTD PMID:9710602 PMID:14674888 PMID:15930183 PMID:18612546 PMID:23516405 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G P2rx3 purinergic receptor P2X 3 multiple interactions EXP Suramin inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in increased expression of P2RX3 protein] CTD PMID:23666265 NCBI chr 3:72,403,992...72,447,801
Ensembl chr 3:72,403,993...72,447,801
JBrowse link
G P2rx7 purinergic receptor P2X 7 multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [Poly I-C results in decreased expression of P2RX7 protein] CTD PMID:23516405 NCBI chr12:39,353,613...39,396,042
Ensembl chr12:39,353,613...39,396,042
JBrowse link
G P2ry2 purinergic receptor P2Y2 decreases activity
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
Suramin results in decreased activity of P2RY2 protein
Suramin inhibits the reaction [Poly I-C results in decreased expression of P2RY2 protein]
CTD PMID:15654852 PMID:23516405 NCBI chr 1:166,031,228...166,045,423
Ensembl chr 1:166,031,272...166,037,424
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 multiple interactions ISO JTE 013 promotes the reaction [Suramin inhibits the reaction [sphingosine 1-phosphate results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA]]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [Simvastatin promotes the reaction [sphingosine 1-phosphate results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA]]; Suramin inhibits the reaction [sphingosine 1-phosphate results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA]; Suramin promotes the reaction [JTE 013 inhibits the reaction [sphingosine 1-phosphate results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA]] CTD PMID:18612546 NCBI chr13:67,351,230...67,356,920
Ensembl chr13:67,351,087...67,359,335
JBrowse link
G Shc1 SHC adaptor protein 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP
ISO
Suramin inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased phosphorylation of SHC1 protein]
Suramin results in increased expression of SHC1 mRNA; Suramin results in increased expression of SHC1 protein
CTD PMID:9710602 PMID:21778425 NCBI chr 2:188,745,503...188,757,066
Ensembl chr 2:188,745,503...188,757,066
JBrowse link
G Sirt1 sirtuin 1 multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [LMNA protein binds to and results in increased activity of SIRT1 protein]; Suramin results in decreased activity of [SIRT1 protein results in decreased acetylation of TP53 protein]
[Suramin results in decreased activity of SIRT1 protein] which results in decreased susceptibility to resveratrol
CTD PMID:18482975 PMID:23217256 PMID:24252177 NCBI chr20:26,831,971...26,851,587
Ensembl chr20:26,833,357...26,852,199
JBrowse link
G Tacr1 tachykinin receptor 1 multiple interactions EXP Suramin inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in increased expression of TACR1 protein] CTD PMID:23666265 NCBI chr 4:113,247,236...113,416,139
Ensembl chr 4:113,247,795...113,414,504
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor increases expression ISO Suramin results in increased expression of TNF protein CTD PMID:15914193 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions ISO Suramin results in decreased activity of [SIRT1 protein results in decreased acetylation of TP53 protein] CTD PMID:18482975 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link
G Vdr vitamin D receptor multiple interactions ISO Suramin inhibits the reaction [Estradiol results in increased expression of VDR protein] CTD PMID:15930183 NCBI chr 7:139,344,452...139,394,138
Ensembl chr 7:139,342,063...139,394,166
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19771
    role 19716
      biological role 19716
        inhibitor 18298
          apoptosis inhibitor 6845
            suramin 32
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19771
    subatomic particle 19770
      composite particle 19770
        hadron 19770
          baryon 19770
            nucleon 19770
              atomic nucleus 19770
                atom 19770
                  main group element atom 19658
                    p-block element atom 19658
                      carbon group element atom 19574
                        carbon atom 19564
                          organic molecular entity 19564
                            organic group 18599
                              organic divalent group 18590
                                organodiyl group 18590
                                  carbonyl group 18505
                                    carbonyl compound 18505
                                      carboxylic acid 18157
                                        carboacyl group 17416
                                          univalent carboacyl group 17416
                                            carbamoyl group 17213
                                              carboxamide 17213
                                                monocarboxylic acid amide 14602
                                                  urea 5023
                                                    ureas 5020
                                                      phenylureas 2014
                                                        suramin 32
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