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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:onium cation
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Accession:CHEBI:50313 term browser browse the term
Definition:Mononuclear cations derived by addition of a hydron to a mononuclear parent hydride of the pnictogen, chalcogen and halogen families.
Synonyms:related_synonym: onium cations;   onium ion;   onium ions


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(R)-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 increases uptake EXP SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine CTD PMID:16826461 NCBI chr 2:134,660,741...134,847,575 JBrowse link
butyrylthiocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G BCHE butyrylcholinesterase increases hydrolysis EXP BCHE protein results in increased hydrolysis of Butyrylthiocholine CTD PMID:22407886 NCBI chr13:104,946,732...105,007,568 JBrowse link
CAR(3:0(Me2)) term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 decreases activity EXP pivaloylcarnitine results in decreased activity of SLC22A5 protein CTD PMID:16826461 NCBI chr 2:134,660,741...134,847,575 JBrowse link
choline term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CAT catalase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] promotes the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of CAT protein]; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT protein CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr 2:26,493,664...26,533,881
Ensembl chr 2:26,487,653...26,581,452
JBrowse link
G DNMT1 DNA methyltransferase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 2:68,981,564...69,040,364
Ensembl chr 2:68,981,564...69,029,919
JBrowse link
G DNMT3A DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of DNMT3A mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT3A mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 3:113,501,972...113,609,148
Ensembl chr 3:113,528,926...113,609,139
JBrowse link
G GPX1 glutathione peroxidase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA; [bisphenol A co-treated with [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12]] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:31,916,269...31,917,337
Ensembl chr13:31,914,932...31,917,335
JBrowse link
G GYS1 glycogen synthase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in decreased expression of GYS1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 6:54,234,600...54,250,211
Ensembl chr 6:54,233,050...54,250,261
JBrowse link
G LDHA lactate dehydrogenase A multiple interactions EXP [bisphenol A co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Betaine] results in decreased methylation of LDHA promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 2:40,814,163...40,827,284
Ensembl chr 2:40,812,453...40,826,715
JBrowse link
G MTHFR methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of MTHFR mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 6:71,863,637...71,882,118
Ensembl chr 6:71,863,636...71,881,820
JBrowse link
G SI sucrase-isomaltase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SI mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr13:104,296,281...104,379,558
Ensembl chr13:104,296,283...104,379,478
JBrowse link
G SLC15A1 solute carrier family 15 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased methylation of SLC15A1 promoter]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr11:67,652,808...67,690,457
Ensembl chr11:67,652,193...67,710,933
JBrowse link
G SLC5A1 solute carrier family 5 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr14:48,566,400...48,704,145
Ensembl chr14:48,566,343...48,705,841
JBrowse link
G SOD1 superoxide dismutase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:195,326,573...195,335,273
Ensembl chr13:195,326,649...195,337,749
JBrowse link
flunixin meglumine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCB1 ATP-binding cassette, sub-family B (MDR/TAP), member 1 affects expression EXP flunixin meglumine affects the expression of ABCB1 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 9:93,049,955...93,146,469 JBrowse link
G CYP1A2 cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily A member 2 affects expression EXP flunixin meglumine affects the expression of CYP1A2 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 7:58,779,529...58,786,155
Ensembl chr 7:58,779,475...58,786,100
JBrowse link
G CYP2E1 cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily E member 1 affects expression EXP flunixin meglumine affects the expression of CYP2E1 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr14:141,690,737...141,703,078
Ensembl chr14:141,690,426...141,736,818
JBrowse link
G CYP3A22 cytochrome P450 family 3 subfamily A member 22 affects expression EXP flunixin meglumine affects the expression of CYP3A22 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 3:6,617,256...6,665,179
Ensembl chr 3:6,615,343...6,822,817
JBrowse link
G CYP3A29 cytochrome P450 family 3 subfamily A member 29 affects expression EXP flunixin meglumine affects the expression of CYP3A29 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 3:6,738,502...6,778,121 JBrowse link
G LOC110262013 sulfotransferase 1 family member D1 affects expression EXP flunixin meglumine affects the expression of SULT1A1 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 8:66,762,885...66,789,582 JBrowse link
glycine betaine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CAT catalase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] promotes the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of CAT protein]; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT protein CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr 2:26,493,664...26,533,881
Ensembl chr 2:26,487,653...26,581,452
JBrowse link
G DNMT1 DNA methyltransferase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 2:68,981,564...69,040,364
Ensembl chr 2:68,981,564...69,029,919
JBrowse link
G DNMT3A DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of DNMT3A mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT3A mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 3:113,501,972...113,609,148
Ensembl chr 3:113,528,926...113,609,139
JBrowse link
G GPX1 glutathione peroxidase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA; [bisphenol A co-treated with [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12]] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:31,916,269...31,917,337
Ensembl chr13:31,914,932...31,917,335
JBrowse link
G GYS1 glycogen synthase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in decreased expression of GYS1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 6:54,234,600...54,250,211
Ensembl chr 6:54,233,050...54,250,261
JBrowse link
G LDHA lactate dehydrogenase A multiple interactions EXP [bisphenol A co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Betaine] results in decreased methylation of LDHA promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 2:40,814,163...40,827,284
Ensembl chr 2:40,812,453...40,826,715
JBrowse link
G MTHFR methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of MTHFR mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 6:71,863,637...71,882,118
Ensembl chr 6:71,863,636...71,881,820
JBrowse link
G SI sucrase-isomaltase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SI mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr13:104,296,281...104,379,558
Ensembl chr13:104,296,283...104,379,478
JBrowse link
G SLC15A1 solute carrier family 15 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased methylation of SLC15A1 promoter]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr11:67,652,808...67,690,457
Ensembl chr11:67,652,193...67,710,933
JBrowse link
G SLC5A1 solute carrier family 5 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr14:48,566,400...48,704,145
Ensembl chr14:48,566,343...48,705,841
JBrowse link
G SOD1 superoxide dismutase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:195,326,573...195,335,273
Ensembl chr13:195,326,649...195,337,749
JBrowse link
methoctramine tetrahydrochloride term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CHRM2 cholinergic receptor muscarinic 2 multiple interactions EXP methoctramine inhibits the reaction [Quinuclidinyl Benzilate binds to CHRM2 protein] CTD PMID:8744975 NCBI chr18:12,455,139...12,600,314
Ensembl chr18:12,455,150...12,600,249
JBrowse link
O-acetyl-L-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 increases uptake EXP SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Acetylcarnitine CTD PMID:16826461 NCBI chr 2:134,660,741...134,847,575 JBrowse link
phosphatidylcholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCB4 ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 4 increases export
multiple interactions
EXP ABCB4 protein results in increased export of Phosphatidylcholines
Itraconazole inhibits the reaction [ABCB4 protein results in increased export of Phosphatidylcholines]; Verapamil inhibits the reaction [ABCB4 protein results in increased export of Phosphatidylcholines]
CTD PMID:21056966 NCBI chr 9:93,171,371...93,262,124 JBrowse link
G PDIA3 protein disulfide isomerase family A member 3 increases hydrolysis EXP PDIA3 protein results in increased hydrolysis of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:16798117 NCBI chr 1:127,786,174...127,814,096
Ensembl chr 1:127,785,772...127,814,196
JBrowse link
tetraethylammonium term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A2 solute carrier family 22 member 2 increases uptake
multiple interactions
EXP SLC22A2 protein results in increased uptake of Tetraethylammonium
Quercetin inhibits the reaction [SLC22A2 protein results in increased uptake of Tetraethylammonium]; Rutin inhibits the reaction [SLC22A2 protein results in increased uptake of Tetraethylammonium]
CTD PMID:19605544 NCBI chr 1:7,289,278...7,323,418
Ensembl chr 1:7,289,831...7,323,146
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 880
    chemical entity 880
      molecular entity 878
        polyatomic entity 843
          heteroatomic molecular entity 801
            onium compound 23
              onium cation 23
                ammonium + 23
                arsonium + 0
                bismuthonium 0
                bromonium 0
                chloronium 0
                fluoronium 0
                iodonium 0
                oxonium 0
                phosphonium + 0
                selenonium 0
                stibonium + 0
                sulfonium + 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 880
    subatomic particle 865
      composite particle 865
        hadron 865
          baryon 865
            nucleon 865
              atomic nucleus 865
                atom 865
                  group 843
                    polyatomic entity 843
                      heteroatomic molecular entity 801
                        onium compound 23
                          onium cation 23
                            ammonium + 23
                            arsonium + 0
                            bismuthonium 0
                            bromonium 0
                            chloronium 0
                            fluoronium 0
                            iodonium 0
                            oxonium 0
                            phosphonium + 0
                            selenonium 0
                            stibonium + 0
                            sulfonium + 0
paths to the root