PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen) - Rat Genome Database

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Gene: PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen) Homo sapiens
Symbol: PCNA
Name: proliferating cell nuclear antigen
RGD ID: 732094
HGNC Page HGNC:8729
Description: Enables several functions, including DNA binding activity; MutLalpha complex binding activity; and enzyme binding activity. Involved in several processes, including DNA repair; cellular response to UV; and positive regulation of DNA metabolic process. Located in centrosome; chromatin; and nuclear lumen. Part of PCNA complex and PCNA-p21 complex. Biomarker of several diseases, including Lewy body dementia; invasive ductal carcinoma; kidney cancer (multiple); seminoma; and stomach cancer.
Type: protein-coding
RefSeq Status: REVIEWED
Previously known as: ATLD2; cyclin; DNA polymerase delta auxiliary protein; MGC8367
RGD Orthologs
Green Monkey
Naked Mole-Rat
Alliance Genes
More Info more info ...
Related Pseudogenes: PCNAP1   PCNAP2   PCNAP3   PCNAP4  
Allele / Splice: See ClinVar data
Latest Assembly: GRCh38 - Human Genome Assembly GRCh38
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCh38205,114,953 - 5,126,622 (-)NCBIGRCh38GRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh38.p13 Ensembl205,114,953 - 5,126,626 (-)EnsemblGRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh37205,095,599 - 5,107,268 (-)NCBIGRCh37GRCh37hg19GRCh37
Build 36205,043,599 - 5,055,268 (-)NCBINCBI36Build 36hg18NCBI36
Build 34205,043,598 - 5,048,647NCBI
Celera205,165,620 - 5,177,289 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map20p12.3NCBI
HuRef205,049,534 - 5,061,197 (-)NCBIHuRef
CHM1_1205,096,983 - 5,108,646 (-)NCBICHM1_1
T2T-CHM13v2.0205,154,376 - 5,166,040 (-)NCBIT2T-CHM13v2.0
JBrowse: View Region in Genome Browser (JBrowse)

Gene-Chemical Interaction Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
(+)-pilocarpine  (ISO)
(+)-taxifolin  (ISO)
(-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate  (ISO)
(-)-quinic acid  (EXP)
(R)-lipoic acid  (ISO)
(R)-mevalonic acid  (EXP)
(R,R,R)-alpha-tocopherol  (ISO)
(S)-nicotine  (EXP,ISO)
(Z)-3-butylidenephthalide  (EXP)
1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethane  (ISO)
1,1-dichloroethene  (ISO)
1,2-dichlorobenzene  (ISO)
1,2-dimethylhydrazine  (ISO)
1,3-thiazolidine-2,4-dione  (EXP)
1,4-dichlorobenzene  (ISO)
1,4-dioxane  (ISO)
1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene  (ISO)
1-naphthyl isothiocyanate  (ISO)
17alpha-ethynylestradiol  (ISO)
17beta-estradiol  (EXP,ISO)
17beta-estradiol 3-benzoate  (ISO)
17beta-hydroxy-5alpha-androstan-3-one  (EXP)
2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl  (ISO)
2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether  (EXP,ISO)
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxine  (EXP,ISO)
2,4,6-tribromophenol  (EXP)
2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid  (ISO)
2,4-D  (EXP)
2,4-dinitrotoluene  (ISO)
2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol  (ISO)
2-acetamidofluorene  (ISO)
2-nitrofluorene  (ISO)
2-tert-butylhydroquinone  (ISO)
3,3',5,5'-tetrabromobisphenol A  (EXP)
3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine  (EXP,ISO)
3-[(4-anilinophenyl)diazenyl]benzene-1-sulfonic acid  (ISO)
3-aminobenzamide  (ISO)
3-chloropropane-1,2-diol  (ISO)
4,4'-sulfonyldiphenol  (EXP)
4-(ethoxymethylene)-2-phenyloxazol-5-one  (ISO)
4-(N-nitrosomethylamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)butan-1-one  (EXP,ISO)
4-hydroxynon-2-enal  (ISO)
4-hydroxyphenyl retinamide  (EXP,ISO)
4-nonylphenol  (EXP,ISO)
4-vinylcyclohexene dioxide  (ISO)
5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine  (EXP)
5-azacytidine  (ISO)
5-fluorouracil  (EXP,ISO)
5-methoxy-2-\{[(4-methoxy-3,5-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)methyl]sulfinyl\}-1H-benzimidazole  (ISO)
5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid  (EXP)
6-chloro-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole-1-carboxamide  (ISO)
6-propyl-2-thiouracil  (ISO)
7,12-dimethyltetraphene  (EXP,ISO)
acetamide  (ISO)
acetic acid  (ISO)
acetylsalicylic acid  (ISO)
acrylamide  (ISO)
actinomycin D  (EXP,ISO)
afimoxifene  (EXP,ISO)
aflatoxin B1  (EXP,ISO)
aldehydo-D-glucose  (EXP,ISO)
all-trans-retinoic acid  (EXP,ISO)
allethrin  (ISO)
alpha-amanitin  (EXP)
alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane  (ISO)
aluminium atom  (ISO)
aluminium(0)  (ISO)
alvocidib  (EXP)
amifostine  (ISO)
amiodarone  (ISO)
ammonium chloride  (ISO)
amphibole asbestos  (EXP)
andrographolide  (ISO)
aniline  (ISO)
anthocyanin  (ISO)
anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one  (ISO)
antimony(0)  (ISO)
apigenin  (EXP)
apocynin  (ISO)
aristolochic acid  (EXP)
arsane  (EXP)
arsenic atom  (EXP)
arsenite ion  (ISO)
arsenite(3-)  (EXP,ISO)
arsenous acid  (EXP,ISO)
artesunate  (ISO)
asiatic acid  (ISO)
atrazine  (EXP)
atropine  (EXP)
avobenzone  (EXP)
azadirachtin A  (EXP)
azathioprine  (EXP)
azoxystrobin  (EXP)
bafilomycin A1  (EXP)
bathocuproine disulfonic acid  (EXP)
benazepril  (ISO)
benzamide  (ISO)
benzene  (ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene  (EXP,ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide I  (EXP)
benzo[b]fluoranthene  (ISO)
Besigomsin  (ISO)
beta-aminopropionitrile  (EXP)
beta-naphthoflavone  (ISO)
beta-tocopherol  (ISO)
betulinic acid  (EXP,ISO)
bezafibrate  (ISO)
bicalutamide  (EXP)
biphenyl-4-amine  (EXP)
bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide  (EXP,ISO)
bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate  (EXP)
bisphenol A  (EXP,ISO)
Bisphenol B  (ISO)
boric acid  (ISO)
boron atom  (ISO)
bromocriptine  (ISO)
bromodichloromethane  (ISO)
bromoform  (ISO)
brucine  (ISO)
budesonide  (ISO)
buspirone  (ISO)
Butylbenzyl phthalate  (EXP)
C.I. Natural Red 20  (ISO)
cadmium atom  (EXP,ISO)
cadmium dichloride  (EXP,ISO)
caffeine  (ISO)
calcidiol  (EXP)
calcitriol  (EXP,ISO)
camostat  (ISO)
cannabidiol  (EXP)
captafol  (ISO)
carbamate ester  (ISO)
carbon nanotube  (ISO)
carboplatin  (EXP,ISO)
cefaloridine  (ISO)
celastrol  (ISO)
celecoxib  (ISO)
cerium trichloride  (EXP)
chelerythrine  (ISO)
Chlorodibromomethane  (ISO)
chloroform  (ISO)
chlorogenic acid  (ISO)
chlorpyrifos  (ISO)
cholic acid  (ISO)
chromium(6+)  (ISO)
chrysin  (ISO)
chrysophanol  (EXP)
cilostazol  (EXP)
Cinobufagin  (EXP)
cisplatin  (EXP,ISO)
citral  (ISO)
clofibrate  (ISO)
cobalt dichloride  (EXP,ISO)
coenzyme Q10  (ISO)
copper atom  (EXP,ISO)
copper(0)  (EXP,ISO)
copper(II) sulfate  (EXP)
corticosterone  (ISO)
cortisol  (EXP)
costunolide  (ISO)
coumarin  (EXP)
coumestrol  (EXP)
crocidolite asbestos  (EXP)
Cuprizon  (ISO)
curcumin  (EXP,ISO)
cyanidin cation  (ISO)
cyclohexanols  (ISO)
cycloheximide  (EXP)
cyclophosphamide  (ISO)
cyclosporin A  (EXP,ISO)
cyhalothrin  (ISO)
cylindrospermopsin  (EXP)
cypermethrin  (ISO)
cyprodinil  (EXP)
D-aspartic acid  (ISO)
D-glucose  (EXP,ISO)
daidzein  (EXP,ISO)
dapoxetine  (ISO)
decabromodiphenyl ether  (EXP,ISO)
delta-tocopherol  (ISO)
deoxynivalenol  (ISO)
dexamethasone  (EXP,ISO)
dextran sulfate  (ISO)
Diallyl sulfide  (ISO)
diallyl trisulfide  (EXP)
diamminedichloroplatinum  (EXP)
diarsenic trioxide  (EXP,ISO)
diazinon  (EXP)
dibenz[a,h]anthracene  (EXP)
dibenzo[a,l]pyrene  (EXP)
dibutyl phthalate  (EXP,ISO)
dichlorine  (ISO)
dichloroacetic acid  (ISO)
diclofenac  (EXP)
dicrotophos  (EXP)
dieckol  (EXP)
dieldrin  (ISO)
diethyl maleate  (EXP)
diethylstilbestrol  (ISO)
diheptyl phthalate  (ISO)
dihydroxyacetone  (EXP)
dimethylarsinic acid  (ISO)
diosmin  (ISO)
dioxygen  (EXP)
dipotassium bis[mu-tartrato(4-)]diantimonate(2-) trihydrate  (ISO)
disodium selenite  (EXP)
dodecanoic acid  (ISO)
doxorubicin  (EXP,ISO)
elemental boron  (ISO)
elemental selenium  (EXP)
ellagic acid  (ISO)
embelin  (EXP)
emodin  (ISO)
endosulfan  (EXP)
Enterolactone  (EXP)
entinostat  (ISO)
enzacamene  (EXP)
enzyme inhibitor  (EXP)
eriocitrin  (EXP)
Estragole  (ISO)
ethanol  (ISO)
eugenol  (ISO)
famotidine  (ISO)
fenhexamid  (EXP)
fenofibrate  (EXP,ISO)
fenvalerate  (ISO)
finasteride  (ISO)
fipronil  (ISO)
fludioxonil  (EXP)
flufenoxuron  (ISO)
flutamide  (ISO)
folic acid  (ISO)
fulvestrant  (EXP,ISO)
furan  (ISO)
gallic acid  (ISO)
gamma-linolenic acid  (EXP)
gamma-tocopherol  (ISO)
gefitinib  (ISO)
gemfibrozil  (ISO)
genistein  (EXP,ISO)
gentamycin  (ISO)
geranial  (ISO)
geraniol  (ISO)
glucaric acid  (ISO)
glucose  (EXP,ISO)
glycitein  (EXP)
glyphosate  (EXP)
hesperetin  (ISO)
hesperidin  (ISO)
hexachlorobenzene  (EXP,ISO)
histamine  (ISO)
hydralazine  (ISO)
hydrochlorothiazide  (ISO)
hydrogen chloride  (EXP)
hydrogen peroxide  (EXP)
hydroxyurea  (EXP)
indometacin  (EXP,ISO)
irinotecan  (ISO)
iron atom  (ISO)
iron dextran  (ISO)
iron(0)  (ISO)
iron(III) nitrilotriacetate  (ISO)
isoflavones  (ISO)
ivermectin  (EXP)
juglone  (EXP)
kaempferol  (ISO)
kojic acid  (ISO)
L-ascorbic acid  (ISO)
L-cysteine  (ISO)
L-glutamine  (EXP)
lapatinib  (EXP)
lead diacetate  (ISO)
leflunomide  (EXP)
limonene  (ISO)
linsidomine  (ISO)
linuron  (ISO)
lipoic acid  (ISO)
lipopolysaccharide  (ISO)
lithium chloride  (ISO)
lupeol  (ISO)
LY 364947  (ISO)
LY294002  (EXP,ISO)
lycopene  (ISO)
mabuterol  (ISO)
malachite green cation  (ISO)
malathion  (EXP)
maneb  (ISO)
masoprocol  (ISO)
Mecamylamine  (EXP)
mechlorethamine  (ISO)
melatonin  (EXP,ISO)
meloxicam  (EXP)
menadione  (EXP,ISO)
methapyrilene  (ISO)
methimazole  (EXP,ISO)
methotrexate  (EXP)
methoxychlor  (ISO)
methyl methanesulfonate  (ISO)
methylarsonic acid  (ISO)
methylseleninic acid  (EXP)
methyltestosterone  (ISO)
miconazole  (ISO)
mitomycin C  (EXP)
mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate  (EXP)
monocrotaline  (EXP)
myricitrin  (ISO)
N'-Nitrosonornicotine  (EXP)
N,N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl)nitrosamine  (ISO)
N-acetyl-L-cysteine  (ISO)
N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea  (ISO)
N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium  (EXP,ISO)
N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine  (EXP,ISO)
N-methyl-N-nitrosourea  (EXP,ISO)
N-nitrosodiethylamine  (ISO)
N-nitrosodimethylamine  (ISO)
nefazodone  (EXP)
nelfinavir  (EXP)
nickel atom  (EXP)
nickel sulfate  (EXP)
nicotine  (EXP,ISO)
nimesulide  (ISO)
nitrofen  (EXP,ISO)
nitrogen dioxide  (ISO)
Nutlin-3  (EXP)
ochratoxin A  (EXP,ISO)
okadaic acid  (ISO)
oleanolic acid  (ISO)
omeprazole  (ISO)
orlistat  (EXP)
ouabain  (EXP)
ozone  (ISO)
paclitaxel  (EXP,ISO)
palbociclib  (EXP)
pantoprazole  (ISO)
paracetamol  (EXP,ISO)
paraquat  (ISO)
parathion  (EXP)
PD 0325901  (ISO)
pentachlorophenol  (ISO)
perfluorobutyric acid  (ISO)
perfluorooctane-1-sulfonic acid  (EXP,ISO)
perfluorooctanoic acid  (EXP,ISO)
phenobarbital  (EXP,ISO)
phenylephrine  (ISO)
phorbol 13-acetate 12-myristate  (ISO)
piclamilast  (ISO)
picoxystrobin  (EXP)
pinosylvin  (EXP)
piperonyl butoxide  (ISO)
pirinixic acid  (ISO)
piroxicam  (EXP)
poly(propylene imine) macromolecule  (EXP)
potassium dichromate  (ISO)
potassium iodide  (ISO)
potassium nitrate  (EXP)
pregnenolone 16alpha-carbonitrile  (ISO)
probucol  (ISO)
progesterone  (ISO)
propiconazole  (ISO)
propofol  (EXP)
pterostilbene  (ISO)
pyrithione  (ISO)
pyrogallol  (ISO)
pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate  (EXP)
quercetin  (EXP,ISO)
raloxifene  (EXP,ISO)
Rebamipide  (ISO)
reparixin  (EXP)
reserpine  (ISO)
resveratrol  (EXP,ISO)
ribavirin  (EXP)
royal jelly  (ISO)
S-butyl-DL-homocysteine (S,R)-sulfoximine  (ISO)
SB 203580  (EXP)
scutellarin  (EXP)
selenium atom  (EXP)
selenomethionine  (ISO)
serpentine asbestos  (ISO)
shikimic acid  (EXP)
Shikonin  (ISO)
silibinin  (ISO)
silicon dioxide  (EXP)
silver atom  (EXP)
silver(0)  (EXP)
silver(1+) nitrate  (EXP)
simvastatin  (EXP)
sirolimus  (EXP,ISO)
sodium arsenate  (ISO)
sodium arsenite  (EXP,ISO)
sodium dichromate  (ISO)
sodium fluoride  (ISO)
Soman  (ISO)
stattic  (EXP)
stavudine  (ISO)
sterigmatocystin  (ISO)
streptozocin  (ISO)
sulfasalazine  (ISO)
sulforaphane  (EXP)
sulindac  (ISO)
sulindac sulfone  (ISO)
sunitinib  (EXP)
Swertiamarin  (ISO)
T-2 toxin  (ISO)
tacrolimus hydrate  (ISO)
tamibarotene  (EXP)
tamoxifen  (EXP,ISO)
taurine  (ISO)
terephthalic acid  (ISO)
testosterone  (EXP,ISO)
tetrachlorohydroquinone  (ISO)
tetrachloromethane  (ISO)
tetrathiomolybdate(2-)  (EXP)
thapsigargin  (EXP)
thioacetamide  (ISO)
thymoquinone  (ISO)
thyroxine  (EXP)
titanium dioxide  (EXP,ISO)
tocopherol  (ISO)
tolcapone  (ISO)
toluene 2,4-diisocyanate  (ISO)
Tomentosin  (EXP)
topotecan  (EXP)
trans-pinosylvin  (EXP)
transplatin  (EXP)
trichloroacetic acid  (ISO)
trichloroethene  (EXP,ISO)
triclosan  (ISO)
trimellitic anhydride  (ISO)
trimethylarsine oxide  (ISO)
troglitazone  (EXP,ISO)
tropan-3alpha-yl 3-hydroxy-2-phenylpropanoate  (EXP)
tungsten  (ISO)
tunicamycin  (EXP,ISO)
tyrphostin AG 1478  (EXP)
urethane  (ISO)
ursodeoxycholic acid  (ISO)
valproic acid  (ISO)
vanadium atom  (ISO)
vanadium(0)  (ISO)
vancomycin  (ISO)
vinyl carbamate  (ISO)
vitamin E  (ISO)
Y-27632  (EXP)
zerumbone  (ISO)
zidovudine  (EXP)
zinc atom  (ISO)
zinc dichloride  (ISO)
zinc sulfate  (ISO)
zinc(0)  (ISO)
zingerone  (ISO)

Gene Ontology Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Cellular Component

Molecular Pathway Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

References - curated
# Reference Title Reference Citation
1. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFr) status in renal cell carcinoma patients with polysomy of chromosome 7. Amare Kadam PS, etal., Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2001 Mar;125(2):139-46.
2. Cardiac myocyte hypertrophy and proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression in Wistar rats infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. Arnaiz MR, etal., J Parasitol. 2002 Oct;88(5):919-25.
3. Changes in CLIP3 expression after sciatic nerve injury in adult rats. Deng X, etal., J Mol Histol. 2012 Dec;43(6):669-79. doi: 10.1007/s10735-012-9450-y. Epub 2012 Sep 27.
4. Immunohistochemical analysis of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in infiltrating ductal carcinomas: comparison with clinical and pathologic variables. Frierson HF Jr Mod Pathol. 1993 May;6(3):290-4.
5. GOAs Human GO annotations GOA_HUMAN data from the GO Consortium
6. Towards non-surgical therapy for uterine fibroids: catechol-O-methyl transferase inhibitor shrinks uterine fibroid lesions in the Eker rat model. Hassan MH, etal., Hum Reprod. 2011 Nov;26(11):3008-18. doi: 10.1093/humrep/der280. Epub 2011 Sep 6.
7. Replication clamps and clamp loaders. Hedglin M, etal., Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2013 Apr 1;5(4):a010165. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a010165.
8. Contribution of cell proliferative activity to malignancy potential in testicular seminoma. Hori K, etal., Pathol Int. 1997 May;47(5):282-7.
9. Specific expression of the cell cycle regulation proteins, GADD34 and PCNA, in the peri-infarct zone after focal cerebral ischaemia in the rat. Imai H, etal., Eur J Neurosci 2002 Jun;15(12):1929-36.
10. Neurogenic marker abnormalities in the hippocampus in dementia with Lewy bodies. Johnson M, etal., Hippocampus. 2011 Oct;21(10):1126-36. doi: 10.1002/hipo.20826. Epub 2010 Jul 21.
11. Expression of proliferative and preapoptotic molecules in human myometrium and leiomyoma throughout the menstrual cycle. Kayisli UA, etal., Reprod Sci. 2007 Oct;14(7):678-86.
12. Mechanisms and functions of DNA mismatch repair. Li GM Cell Res. 2008 Jan;18(1):85-98.
13. Expression and prognostic significance of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and Ki-67 in malignant ovarian germ cell tumors. Liu FS, etal., Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei). 1999 Oct;62(10):695-702.
14. Gene expression of PCNA/cyclin in adult tissues and the R3230AC mammary tumor of rat. Liu YC and Bambara RA, Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Jun 15;161(2):873-82.
15. PCNA, the maestro of the replication fork. Moldovan GL, etal., Cell. 2007 May 18;129(4):665-79.
16. Single intraluminal delivery of antisense cdc2 kinase and proliferating-cell nuclear antigen oligonucleotides results in chronic inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia. Morishita R, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Sep 15;90(18):8474-8.
17. Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology Niu Y, etal., Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 1997 Dec;26(6):337-9.
18. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology Ohyama C, etal., Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi. 1995 Oct;86(10):1543-51.
19. KEGG Annotation Import Pipeline Pipeline to import KEGG annotations from KEGG into RGD
20. SMPDB Annotation Import Pipeline Pipeline to import SMPDB annotations from SMPDB into RGD
21. ClinVar Automated Import and Annotation Pipeline RGD automated import pipeline for ClinVar variants, variant-to-disease annotations and gene-to-disease annotations
22. Data Import for Chemical-Gene Interactions RGD automated import pipeline for gene-chemical interactions
23. RGD HPO Phenotype Annotation Pipeline RGD automated import pipeline for human HPO-to-gene-to-disease annotations
24. Obstructive jaundice alters proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression in rat small intestine. Sheen-Chen SM, etal., World J Surg. 2003 Oct;27(10):1161-4. Epub 2003 Aug 18.
25. Prognostic value of proliferating cell nuclear antigen in Wilms' tumour in children. Skotnicka-Klonowicz G, etal., Eur J Surg Oncol. 2002 Feb;28(1):67-71.
26. Enhanced sequential expression of G1/S cyclins during experimental epatocarcinogenesis and tyrosine phosphorylation. Sundarrajan M, etal., J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol. 2001;20(3):189-97.
27. Prediction of early relapse and shortened survival in patients with breast cancer by proliferating cell nuclear antigen score. Tahan SR, etal., Cancer. 1993 Jun 1;71(11):3552-9.
28. Protective mechanism of glutamine on the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen after cisplatin-induced intestinal mucosal injury. Tazuke Y, etal., Pediatr Surg Int. 2011 Feb;27(2):151-8. doi: 10.1007/s00383-010-2798-8.
29. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression in regenerating rat liver after partial hepatectomy. Theocharis SE, etal., Dig Dis Sci. 1994 Feb;39(2):245-52.
30. Changes in proliferating cell nuclear antigen, a protein involved in DNA repair, in vulnerable hippocampal neurons following global cerebral ischemia. Tomasevic G, etal., Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1998 Oct 1;60(2):168-76.
31. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen as a molecular biomarker for spermatogenesis in PTU-induced hypothyroidism of rats. Tousson E, etal., Reprod Sci. 2011 Jul;18(7):679-86. doi: 10.1177/1933719110395401. Epub 2011 Jan 27.
32. Silencing of FGFR4 could influence the biological features of gastric cancer cells and its therapeutic value in gastric cancer. Ye Y, etal., Tumour Biol. 2016 Mar;37(3):3185-95. doi: 10.1007/s13277-015-4100-0. Epub 2015 Oct 2.
33. Proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts from the mandible of osteoporotic rats. Yu SJ, etal., Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2012 Apr;237(4):395-406. doi: 10.1258/ebm.2011.011217.
34. Boron inhibits the proliferating cell nuclear antigen index, molybdenum containing proteins and ameliorates oxidative stress in hepatocellular carcinoma. Zafar H and Ali S, Arch Biochem Biophys. 2013 Jan 15;529(2):66-74. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2012.11.008. Epub 2012 Dec 3.
35. Garlic Oil Suppressed Nitrosodiethylamine-Induced Hepatocarcinoma in Rats by Inhibiting PI3K-AKT-NF-κB Pathway. Zhang CL, etal., Int J Biol Sci. 2015 Apr 25;11(6):643-51. doi: 10.7150/ijbs.10785. eCollection 2015.
Additional References at PubMed
PMID:1313560   PMID:1477073   PMID:1975809   PMID:1979311   PMID:2565339   PMID:2569765   PMID:2882422   PMID:2882507   PMID:2899075   PMID:7478510   PMID:7673186   PMID:7673244  
PMID:7780738   PMID:7784094   PMID:7821789   PMID:7903056   PMID:7908906   PMID:7911228   PMID:7915843   PMID:7949095   PMID:7973727   PMID:8093561   PMID:8101826   PMID:8103281  
PMID:8259215   PMID:8647134   PMID:8662825   PMID:8668533   PMID:8673466   PMID:8858149   PMID:8861913   PMID:8861969   PMID:8876181   PMID:8995762   PMID:8999859   PMID:9087533  
PMID:9092549   PMID:9111189   PMID:9178907   PMID:9228079   PMID:9302295   PMID:9305916   PMID:9396813   PMID:9465025   PMID:9467962   PMID:9545252   PMID:9545286   PMID:9546435  
PMID:9552415   PMID:9563011   PMID:9566895   PMID:9570268   PMID:9632134   PMID:9649448   PMID:9667749   PMID:9705499   PMID:9751713   PMID:9774970   PMID:9822671   PMID:9927044  
PMID:10022118   PMID:10051561   PMID:10219083   PMID:10353443   PMID:10393198   PMID:10408173   PMID:10455148   PMID:10463569   PMID:10477523   PMID:10559261   PMID:10648606   PMID:10828065  
PMID:10858286   PMID:10871373   PMID:10873631   PMID:10888872   PMID:10930425   PMID:10973963   PMID:10978339   PMID:11005803   PMID:11022036   PMID:11077446   PMID:11092888   PMID:11239001  
PMID:11254741   PMID:11268218   PMID:11274057   PMID:11302688   PMID:11310559   PMID:11313979   PMID:11328591   PMID:11350925   PMID:11376153   PMID:11411798   PMID:11430825   PMID:11463845  
PMID:11473323   PMID:11554927   PMID:11559705   PMID:11578332   PMID:11585903   PMID:11593007   PMID:11595739   PMID:11601988   PMID:11682605   PMID:11724965   PMID:11741962   PMID:11780052  
PMID:11784855   PMID:11805113   PMID:11864421   PMID:11877408   PMID:11896603   PMID:11929879   PMID:11968016   PMID:11986310   PMID:11994305   PMID:12015309   PMID:12045192   PMID:12063248  
PMID:12081642   PMID:12088102   PMID:12124778   PMID:12125971   PMID:12171929   PMID:12192049   PMID:12220650   PMID:12226657   PMID:12237462   PMID:12354094   PMID:12361598   PMID:12368291  
PMID:12382578   PMID:12390713   PMID:12393188   PMID:12400013   PMID:12403614   PMID:12439914   PMID:12452045   PMID:12452062   PMID:12477932   PMID:12479101   PMID:12515622   PMID:12522211  
PMID:12532471   PMID:12632497   PMID:12633936   PMID:12750383   PMID:12766176   PMID:12782299   PMID:12786946   PMID:12853968   PMID:12857440   PMID:12893285   PMID:12930846   PMID:12937166  
PMID:12947108   PMID:12964161   PMID:14558955   PMID:14612290   PMID:14642618   PMID:14657243   PMID:14669354   PMID:14676842   PMID:14729473   PMID:14871261   PMID:14871894   PMID:14988403  
PMID:15000866   PMID:15033825   PMID:15050687   PMID:15107487   PMID:15149598   PMID:15161643   PMID:15221970   PMID:15225546   PMID:15342632   PMID:15358233   PMID:15359278   PMID:15489334  
PMID:15494374   PMID:15504738   PMID:15536154   PMID:15543136   PMID:15550930   PMID:15572421   PMID:15576034   PMID:15595847   PMID:15616578   PMID:15617346   PMID:15635413   PMID:15638377  
PMID:15638382   PMID:15647383   PMID:15681588   PMID:15754413   PMID:15772596   PMID:15777783   PMID:15805117   PMID:15831485   PMID:15924676   PMID:15967114   PMID:16000169   PMID:16082198  
PMID:16101161   PMID:16124066   PMID:16174846   PMID:16189514   PMID:16195237   PMID:16201313   PMID:16204460   PMID:16216273   PMID:16216562   PMID:16226712   PMID:16226749   PMID:16227586  
PMID:16248462   PMID:16288740   PMID:16344468   PMID:16357261   PMID:16362051   PMID:16388758   PMID:16407242   PMID:16407252   PMID:16438930   PMID:16463680   PMID:16474839   PMID:16482215  
PMID:16508013   PMID:16510448   PMID:16512489   PMID:16531995   PMID:16551699   PMID:16552335   PMID:16584090   PMID:16609022   PMID:16611994   PMID:16616141   PMID:16710452   PMID:16763556  
PMID:16826239   PMID:16861890   PMID:16861906   PMID:16888288   PMID:16888649   PMID:16888766   PMID:16934511   PMID:16964240   PMID:16982685   PMID:17063386   PMID:17065558   PMID:17106521  
PMID:17108083   PMID:17115032   PMID:17148452   PMID:17164758   PMID:17167529   PMID:17203305   PMID:17274640   PMID:17274954   PMID:17285972   PMID:17298749   PMID:17342744   PMID:17507928  
PMID:17525639   PMID:17564317   PMID:17588519   PMID:17720188   PMID:17720710   PMID:17828505   PMID:17880707   PMID:17927850   PMID:17932049   PMID:17955473   PMID:17982625   PMID:18029348  
PMID:18032376   PMID:18072009   PMID:18082604   PMID:18086887   PMID:18162470   PMID:18162579   PMID:18166648   PMID:18184650   PMID:18245774   PMID:18256758   PMID:18263614   PMID:18279620  
PMID:18284681   PMID:18312749   PMID:18316726   PMID:18319261   PMID:18321066   PMID:18326858   PMID:18331714   PMID:18353733   PMID:18363965   PMID:18448427   PMID:18451105   PMID:18481002  
PMID:18498247   PMID:18499658   PMID:18509272   PMID:18510217   PMID:18521065   PMID:18562274   PMID:18604718   PMID:18662981   PMID:18669164   PMID:18676680   PMID:18692475   PMID:18719106  
PMID:18765913   PMID:18794347   PMID:18799611   PMID:18839537   PMID:18845679   PMID:18853184   PMID:18931444   PMID:18948756   PMID:18949048   PMID:18954305   PMID:19001268   PMID:19012493  
PMID:19067003   PMID:19104052   PMID:19125419   PMID:19130399   PMID:19135898   PMID:19150984   PMID:19156526   PMID:19170196   PMID:19182791   PMID:19208623   PMID:19221475   PMID:19237606  
PMID:19285961   PMID:19339270   PMID:19342888   PMID:19351509   PMID:19419956   PMID:19424044   PMID:19443450   PMID:19460716   PMID:19481339   PMID:19483288   PMID:19505873   PMID:19523882  
PMID:19536092   PMID:19550124   PMID:19595719   PMID:19625176   PMID:19628465   PMID:19692168   PMID:19704162   PMID:19714462   PMID:19730436   PMID:19734146   PMID:19736315   PMID:19738201  
PMID:19789190   PMID:19822659   PMID:19834596   PMID:19845771   PMID:19851886   PMID:19885588   PMID:19895739   PMID:19895794   PMID:19950226   PMID:19995904   PMID:20004149   PMID:20029092  
PMID:20061190   PMID:20064529   PMID:20071335   PMID:20085707   PMID:20128380   PMID:20129057   PMID:20129063   PMID:20147293   PMID:20150366   PMID:20159558   PMID:20211058   PMID:20226869  
PMID:20227374   PMID:20302655   PMID:20303835   PMID:20350215   PMID:20351267   PMID:20360068   PMID:20385554   PMID:20394503   PMID:20423048   PMID:20453000   PMID:20457750   PMID:20458337  
PMID:20460379   PMID:20496165   PMID:20522537   PMID:20528769   PMID:20541997   PMID:20543468   PMID:20574454   PMID:20580447   PMID:20580881   PMID:20600238   PMID:20603015   PMID:20605778  
PMID:20606006   PMID:20613874   PMID:20675655   PMID:20729856   PMID:20733054   PMID:20803149   PMID:20823236   PMID:20826785   PMID:20848772   PMID:20849852   PMID:20932471   PMID:20937699  
PMID:20940144   PMID:20975039   PMID:21031434   PMID:21035370   PMID:21045206   PMID:21081666   PMID:21145461   PMID:21149733   PMID:21209461   PMID:21220508   PMID:21227930   PMID:21254647  
PMID:21255825   PMID:21319273   PMID:21344488   PMID:21364740   PMID:21371741   PMID:21383955   PMID:21415862   PMID:21424069   PMID:21461937   PMID:21492153   PMID:21501231   PMID:21504906  
PMID:21536034   PMID:21549307   PMID:21605556   PMID:21628590   PMID:21640107   PMID:21654808   PMID:21664290   PMID:21690293   PMID:21694464   PMID:21700221   PMID:21704031   PMID:21725088  
PMID:21738398   PMID:21768287   PMID:21791603   PMID:21846465   PMID:21855803   PMID:21856198   PMID:21858012   PMID:21873635   PMID:21875946   PMID:21880767   PMID:21930785   PMID:21935871  
PMID:21952639   PMID:21967848   PMID:21978893   PMID:21988832   PMID:21994455   PMID:21996408   PMID:22021614   PMID:22057681   PMID:22086303   PMID:22145905   PMID:22148433   PMID:22153967  
PMID:22157815   PMID:22157819   PMID:22199292   PMID:22203964   PMID:22232658   PMID:22238610   PMID:22268729   PMID:22293751   PMID:22303007   PMID:22304920   PMID:22334915   PMID:22362778  
PMID:22381917   PMID:22383522   PMID:22387026   PMID:22393258   PMID:22451935   PMID:22456510   PMID:22457066   PMID:22520514   PMID:22529391   PMID:22556262   PMID:22586102   PMID:22592530  
PMID:22606318   PMID:22617335   PMID:22622474   PMID:22623772   PMID:22634751   PMID:22681887   PMID:22692198   PMID:22704558   PMID:22705370   PMID:22759634   PMID:22763828   PMID:22810586  
PMID:22846997   PMID:22863883   PMID:22894931   PMID:22898364   PMID:22902626   PMID:22902628   PMID:22904075   PMID:22918591   PMID:22939629   PMID:22966418   PMID:22980979   PMID:22987070  
PMID:22989887   PMID:23000965   PMID:23042605   PMID:23042607   PMID:23101935   PMID:23139781   PMID:23152873   PMID:23223023   PMID:23248005   PMID:23277426   PMID:23317197   PMID:23337132  
PMID:23345618   PMID:23364796   PMID:23388460   PMID:23443559   PMID:23485469   PMID:23527218   PMID:23542172   PMID:23580141   PMID:23677613   PMID:23703321   PMID:23708667   PMID:23731732  
PMID:23761444   PMID:23825390   PMID:23840062   PMID:23846616   PMID:23939377   PMID:23963898   PMID:24012694   PMID:24022480   PMID:24061459   PMID:24115439   PMID:24141788   PMID:24200966  
PMID:24267889   PMID:24283290   PMID:24337577   PMID:24379417   PMID:24407433   PMID:24423875   PMID:24474685   PMID:24561620   PMID:24583282   PMID:24617039   PMID:24623722   PMID:24637615  
PMID:24657165   PMID:24672041   PMID:24695737   PMID:24699724   PMID:24710624   PMID:24711643   PMID:24728180   PMID:24768535   PMID:24852133   PMID:24911150   PMID:24939902   PMID:24958773  
PMID:24962565   PMID:24999758   PMID:25013792   PMID:25036435   PMID:25058453   PMID:25071155   PMID:25147182   PMID:25154416   PMID:25169136   PMID:25184665   PMID:25184681   PMID:25192599  
PMID:25324306   PMID:25404403   PMID:25411249   PMID:25416956   PMID:25435364   PMID:25437307   PMID:25502805   PMID:25614517   PMID:25670202   PMID:25675097   PMID:25692884   PMID:25733866  
PMID:25762514   PMID:25766642   PMID:25798074   PMID:25825764   PMID:25833945   PMID:25893307   PMID:25921289   PMID:25972089   PMID:26030842   PMID:26117423   PMID:26170230   PMID:26186194  
PMID:26223641   PMID:26264872   PMID:26272819   PMID:26339416   PMID:26344197   PMID:26350214   PMID:26377631   PMID:26408825   PMID:26450907   PMID:26485645   PMID:26496610   PMID:26499835  
PMID:26508657   PMID:26527279   PMID:26549024   PMID:26557712   PMID:26641092   PMID:26666832   PMID:26673319   PMID:26688547   PMID:26711499   PMID:26731993   PMID:26751069   PMID:26771714  
PMID:26777405   PMID:26795561   PMID:26811472   PMID:26825464   PMID:26831064   PMID:26903512   PMID:26972000   PMID:26988343   PMID:27025967   PMID:27084448   PMID:27107012   PMID:27114453  
PMID:27146073   PMID:27248496   PMID:27342126   PMID:27377895   PMID:27407148   PMID:27462432   PMID:27462463   PMID:27516012   PMID:27591049   PMID:27609421   PMID:27634302   PMID:27676213  
PMID:27684187   PMID:27694619   PMID:27759041   PMID:27770570   PMID:27793507   PMID:27871366   PMID:27906959   PMID:27916662   PMID:28071730   PMID:28073635   PMID:28157503   PMID:28177605  
PMID:28180305   PMID:28191891   PMID:28192407   PMID:28199690   PMID:28302793   PMID:28348081   PMID:28348485   PMID:28380382   PMID:28423618   PMID:28430587   PMID:28439008   PMID:28447756  
PMID:28514442   PMID:28515154   PMID:28515276   PMID:28581483   PMID:28590137   PMID:28611525   PMID:28718761   PMID:28746850   PMID:28777577   PMID:28803780   PMID:28814116   PMID:28831681  
PMID:28886337   PMID:28924044   PMID:28934471   PMID:28951215   PMID:29019895   PMID:29051491   PMID:29095607   PMID:29226655   PMID:29229926   PMID:29262658   PMID:29290612   PMID:29331416  
PMID:29378950   PMID:29382432   PMID:29424068   PMID:29467282   PMID:29490077   PMID:29507755   PMID:29510343   PMID:29598900   PMID:29604309   PMID:29753763   PMID:29845934   PMID:29875773  
PMID:29892012   PMID:29937341   PMID:29955894   PMID:29991511   PMID:29997244   PMID:30006506   PMID:30018425   PMID:30102405   PMID:30178842   PMID:30184152   PMID:30217970   PMID:30260704  
PMID:30301766   PMID:30335157   PMID:30357346   PMID:30419336   PMID:30456385   PMID:30463901   PMID:30530694   PMID:30554877   PMID:30563767   PMID:30590055   PMID:30619736   PMID:30623174  
PMID:30647135   PMID:30696947   PMID:30700555   PMID:30705406   PMID:30779731   PMID:30833792   PMID:30858175   PMID:30861164   PMID:30890647   PMID:30897015   PMID:30940648   PMID:30942439  
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PMID:34428256   PMID:34433039   PMID:34642328   PMID:34645483   PMID:34645785   PMID:34650049   PMID:34667155   PMID:34671219   PMID:34709727   PMID:34728620   PMID:34795231   PMID:34914965  
PMID:34917906   PMID:35013218   PMID:35013556   PMID:35140242   PMID:35271311   PMID:35278611   PMID:35304440   PMID:35324534   PMID:35355521   PMID:35459258   PMID:35509820   PMID:35545034  
PMID:35562734   PMID:35563538   PMID:35676659   PMID:35677658   PMID:35689249   PMID:35831314   PMID:35844135  


Comparative Map Data
(Homo sapiens - human)
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCh38205,114,953 - 5,126,622 (-)NCBIGRCh38GRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh38.p13 Ensembl205,114,953 - 5,126,626 (-)EnsemblGRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh37205,095,599 - 5,107,268 (-)NCBIGRCh37GRCh37hg19GRCh37
Build 36205,043,599 - 5,055,268 (-)NCBINCBI36Build 36hg18NCBI36
Build 34205,043,598 - 5,048,647NCBI
Celera205,165,620 - 5,177,289 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map20p12.3NCBI
HuRef205,049,534 - 5,061,197 (-)NCBIHuRef
CHM1_1205,096,983 - 5,108,646 (-)NCBICHM1_1
T2T-CHM13v2.0205,154,376 - 5,166,040 (-)NCBIT2T-CHM13v2.0
(Mus musculus - house mouse)
Mouse AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCm392132,091,206 - 132,095,100 (-)NCBIGRCm39GRCm39mm39
GRCm39 Ensembl2132,091,082 - 132,095,234 (-)EnsemblGRCm39 Ensembl
GRCm382132,249,286 - 132,253,180 (-)NCBIGRCm38GRCm38mm10GRCm38
GRCm38.p6 Ensembl2132,249,162 - 132,253,314 (-)EnsemblGRCm38mm10GRCm38
MGSCv372132,075,022 - 132,078,916 (-)NCBIGRCm37MGSCv37mm9NCBIm37
MGSCv362131,940,727 - 131,944,621 (-)NCBIMGSCv36mm8
Celera2133,472,471 - 133,476,365 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map2F2NCBI
cM Map264.15NCBI
(Rattus norvegicus - Norway rat)
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
mRatBN7.23119,499,039 - 119,502,911 (-)NCBImRatBN7.2mRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl3119,498,810 - 119,502,995 (-)EnsemblmRatBN7.2 Ensembl
Rnor_6.03124,880,698 - 124,884,570 (-)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl3124,880,698 - 124,884,570 (-)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.03131,376,235 - 131,380,108 (-)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.43120,008,715 - 120,012,589 (-)NCBIRGSC3.4RGSC_v3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.13119,914,289 - 119,918,243 (-)NCBI
Celera3118,296,567 - 118,300,439 (-)NCBICelera
RH 3.4 Map31023.4RGD
Cytogenetic Map3q36NCBI
(Chinchilla lanigera - long-tailed chinchilla)
Chinchilla AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
ChiLan1.0 EnsemblNW_00495541515,744,601 - 15,749,673 (-)EnsemblChiLan1.0
ChiLan1.0NW_00495541515,744,601 - 15,748,910 (-)NCBIChiLan1.0ChiLan1.0
(Pan paniscus - bonobo/pygmy chimpanzee)
Bonobo AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
PanPan1.1204,927,731 - 4,939,440 (-)NCBIpanpan1.1PanPan1.1panPan2
PanPan1.1 Ensembl204,927,731 - 4,939,440 (-)Ensemblpanpan1.1panPan2
Mhudiblu_PPA_v0205,134,930 - 5,146,603 (-)NCBIMhudiblu_PPA_v0Mhudiblu_PPA_v0panPan3
(Canis lupus familiaris - dog)
Dog AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
CanFam3.12416,478,774 - 16,485,992 (+)NCBICanFam3.1CanFam3.1canFam3CanFam3.1
CanFam3.1 Ensembl2416,478,769 - 16,484,992 (+)EnsemblCanFam3.1canFam3CanFam3.1
Dog10K_Boxer_Tasha2416,301,671 - 16,308,866 (+)NCBIDog10K_Boxer_Tasha
ROS_Cfam_1.02416,892,157 - 16,899,336 (+)NCBIROS_Cfam_1.0
ROS_Cfam_1.0 Ensembl2416,892,161 - 16,899,332 (+)EnsemblROS_Cfam_1.0 Ensembl
UMICH_Zoey_3.12416,489,199 - 16,496,352 (+)NCBIUMICH_Zoey_3.1
UNSW_CanFamBas_1.02416,596,221 - 16,603,283 (+)NCBIUNSW_CanFamBas_1.0
UU_Cfam_GSD_1.02416,929,896 - 16,937,077 (+)NCBIUU_Cfam_GSD_1.0
(Ictidomys tridecemlineatus - thirteen-lined ground squirrel)
Squirrel AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
HiC_Itri_2NW_024408640165,334,861 - 165,339,851 (+)NCBIHiC_Itri_2
SpeTri2.0NW_00493648513,766,221 - 13,771,215 (+)NCBISpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0
(Sus scrofa - pig)
Pig AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
Sscrofa11.1 Ensembl1714,136,886 - 14,142,744 (-)EnsemblSscrofa11.1susScr11Sscrofa11.1
Sscrofa11.11714,137,746 - 14,142,584 (-)NCBISscrofa11.1Sscrofa11.1susScr11Sscrofa11.1
Sscrofa10.21715,127,978 - 15,132,806 (-)NCBISscrofa10.2Sscrofa10.2susScr3
(Chlorocebus sabaeus - green monkey)
Green Monkey AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
ChlSab1.1232,936,600 - 32,953,635 (+)NCBIChlSab1.1ChlSab1.1chlSab2
ChlSab1.1 Ensembl232,948,196 - 32,953,991 (+)EnsemblChlSab1.1ChlSab1.1 EnsemblchlSab2
Vero_WHO_p1.0NW_02366607111,581,432 - 11,598,250 (-)NCBIVero_WHO_p1.0Vero_WHO_p1.0
(Heterocephalus glaber - naked mole-rat)
Naked Mole-rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
HetGla_female_1.0 EnsemblNW_0046247416,143,332 - 6,148,898 (-)EnsemblHetGla_female_1.0HetGla_female_1.0 EnsemblhetGla2
HetGla 1.0NW_0046247416,143,584 - 6,148,055 (-)NCBIHetGla_female_1.0HetGla 1.0hetGla2

Position Markers
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
GRCh37205,095,639 - 5,095,873UniSTSGRCh37
GRCh37X45,917,891 - 45,918,125UniSTSGRCh37
Build 36X45,802,835 - 45,803,069RGDNCBI36
Celera205,165,660 - 5,165,894UniSTS
CeleraX50,109,806 - 50,110,040RGD
Cytogenetic MapXp11.3UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map20pter-p12UniSTS
HuRef205,049,574 - 5,049,808UniSTS
HuRefX43,632,455 - 43,632,689UniSTS
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
GRCh37205,095,651 - 5,095,853UniSTSGRCh37
GRCh37X45,917,903 - 45,918,105UniSTSGRCh37
Build 36X45,802,847 - 45,803,049RGDNCBI36
Celera205,165,672 - 5,165,874UniSTS
CeleraX50,109,818 - 50,110,020RGD
Cytogenetic MapXp11.3UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map20pter-p12UniSTS
HuRef205,049,586 - 5,049,788UniSTS
HuRefX43,632,467 - 43,632,669UniSTS
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
GRCh37205,095,648 - 5,095,854UniSTSGRCh37
GRCh37X45,917,900 - 45,918,106UniSTSGRCh37
Build 36X45,802,844 - 45,803,050RGDNCBI36
Celera205,165,669 - 5,165,875UniSTS
CeleraX50,109,815 - 50,110,021RGD
Cytogenetic MapXp11.3UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map20pter-p12UniSTS
HuRef205,049,583 - 5,049,789UniSTS
HuRefX43,632,464 - 43,632,670UniSTS
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
GRCh37205,095,939 - 5,096,179UniSTSGRCh37
GRCh37X45,918,191 - 45,918,345UniSTSGRCh37
Build 36X45,803,135 - 45,803,289RGDNCBI36
Celera205,165,960 - 5,166,200UniSTS
CeleraX50,110,106 - 50,110,260RGD
Cytogenetic MapXp11.3UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map20pter-p12UniSTS
HuRef205,049,874 - 5,050,114UniSTS
HuRefX43,632,755 - 43,632,909UniSTS
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
GRCh37205,100,421 - 5,100,671UniSTSGRCh37
Build 36205,048,421 - 5,048,671RGDNCBI36
Celera205,170,442 - 5,170,692RGD
Cytogenetic Map20pter-p12UniSTS
HuRef205,054,355 - 5,054,605UniSTS
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
GRCh37205,095,652 - 5,095,888UniSTSGRCh37
GRCh37X45,917,904 - 45,918,140UniSTSGRCh37
Build 36X45,802,848 - 45,803,084RGDNCBI36
CeleraX50,109,819 - 50,110,055RGD
Celera205,165,673 - 5,165,909UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map20pter-p12UniSTS
Cytogenetic MapXp11.3UniSTS
HuRefX43,632,468 - 43,632,704UniSTS
HuRef205,049,587 - 5,049,823UniSTS
GeneMap99-GB4 RH Map2028.85UniSTS
NCBI RH Map2040.4UniSTS
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
GRCh37205,095,849 - 5,096,129UniSTSGRCh37
GRCh37X45,918,101 - 45,918,295UniSTSGRCh37
Build 36X45,803,045 - 45,803,239RGDNCBI36
CeleraX50,110,016 - 50,110,210RGD
Celera205,165,870 - 5,166,150UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map20pter-p12UniSTS
Cytogenetic MapXp11.3UniSTS
HuRefX43,632,665 - 43,632,859UniSTS
HuRef205,049,784 - 5,050,064UniSTS
GeneMap99-GB4 RH MapX135.51UniSTS

miRNA Target Status

Confirmed Target Of
miRNA GeneMature miRNAMethod NameResult TypeData TypeSupport TypePMID
MIR24-2hsa-miR-24-3pMirtarbaseexternal_infoReporter assay;Western blot;qRT-PCRFunctional MTI19748357
MIR24-1hsa-miR-24-3pMirtarbaseexternal_infoReporter assay;Western blot;qRT-PCRFunctional MTI19748357

Predicted Target Of
Summary Value
Count of predictions:237
Count of miRNA genes:106
Interacting mature miRNAs:107
Transcripts:ENST00000379143, ENST00000379160
Prediction methods:Microtar, Miranda, Rnahybrid
Result types:miRGate_prediction

The detailed report is available here: Full Report CSV TAB Printer

miRNA Target Status data imported from miRGate (http://mirgate.bioinfo.cnio.es/).
For more information about miRGate, see PMID:25858286 or access the full paper here.


RNA-SEQ Expression
High: > 1000 TPM value   Medium: Between 11 and 1000 TPM
Low: Between 0.5 and 10 TPM   Below Cutoff: < 0.5 TPM

alimentary part of gastrointestinal system circulatory system endocrine system exocrine system hemolymphoid system hepatobiliary system integumental system musculoskeletal system nervous system renal system reproductive system respiratory system sensory system adipose tissue appendage entire extraembryonic component
High 20 2 2 148 2 5 1 3 2 41 30 2
Medium 2406 2664 1705 605 1670 447 4304 2013 3494 406 1407 1577 169 1204 2742 4
Low 6 320 16