Col1a1 (collagen, type I, alpha 1) - Rat Genome Database
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Gene: Col1a1 (collagen, type I, alpha 1) Mus musculus
Symbol: Col1a1
Name: collagen, type I, alpha 1
RGD ID: 62109
Description: Exhibits extracellular matrix structural constituent and identical protein binding activity. Involved in several processes, including cellular response to mechanical stimulus; face morphogenesis; and skeletal system morphogenesis. Localizes to collagen type I trimer and cytoplasm. Is expressed in several structures, including alimentary system; embryo mesenchyme; eye; heart and pericardium; and skeleton. Used to study Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and osteogenesis imperfecta (multiple). Human ortholog(s) of this gene implicated in several diseases, including Ehlers-Danlos syndrome arthrochalasia type 1; bone disease (multiple); cutaneous leishmaniasis; dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans; and tooth disease (multiple). Orthologous to human COL1A1 (collagen type I alpha 1 chain).
Type: protein-coding
RefSeq Status: REVIEWED
Also known as: alpha-1 type 1 collagen; alpha-1 type I collagen; Co; Col; Col1; Col1a-1; Cola-1; Cola1; collagen alpha-1(I) chain; Mov-; Mov-13; Mov13; procollagen, type I, alpha 1
RGD Orthologs
Green Monkey
Naked Mole-Rat
Alliance Genes
More Info more info ...
Latest Assembly: GRCm38 - Mouse Genome Assembly GRCm38
Mouse AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCm391194,827,050 - 94,843,868 (+)NCBIGRCm39mm39
GRCm381194,936,224 - 94,953,042 (+)NCBIGRCm38GRCm38mm10GRCm38
GRCm38.p6 Ensembl1194,936,224 - 94,953,042 (+)EnsemblGRCm38mm10GRCm38
MGSCv371194,797,584 - 94,813,181 (+)NCBIGRCm37mm9NCBIm37
MGSCv361194,752,360 - 94,767,957 (+)NCBImm8
Celera11104,549,617 - 104,565,301 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map11DNCBI
cM Map1159.01NCBI
JBrowse: View Region in Genome Browser (JBrowse)

Disease Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
aggressive periodontitis  (ISO)
alcoholic hepatitis  (ISO)
aortic valve insufficiency  (ISO)
Arteriovenous Fistula  (ISO)
autoimmune disease  (ISO)
beta thalassemia  (ISO)
Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw  (ISO)
bladder neck obstruction  (ISO)
Bone Fractures  (ISO)
Caffey disease  (ISO)
calcinosis  (ISO)
Cardiac Fibrosis  (ISO)
cholangitis  (ISO)
cholestasis  (IEP,ISO)
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  (ISO)
Chronic Pancreatitis  (ISO)
Combined Osteogenesis Imperfecta and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome 1  (ISO)
connective tissue disease  (ISO)
Contracture  (ISO)
cutaneous leishmaniasis  (ISO)
degenerative disc disease  (ISO)
dentinogenesis imperfecta  (ISO)
dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans  (ISO)
Diabetic Nephropathies  (ISO)
Dissecting Aneurysm  (ISO)
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome  (IAGP,IEA)
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome arthrochalasia type 1  (ISO)
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome arthrochalasia type 2  (ISO)
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome cardiac valvular type  (ISO)
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome classic type 1  (ISO)
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type 7  (ISO)
end stage renal disease  (ISO)
Experimental Liver Cirrhosis  (ISO)
extrahepatic cholestasis  (ISO)
Femoral Fractures  (ISO)
Fibrosis  (ISO)
Fractures, Multiple  (ISO)
genetic disease  (ISO)
heart valve disease  (ISO)
hemorrhagic disease  (ISO)
Hernia, Ventral  (ISO)
High Myopia  (ISO)
Human Viral Hepatitis  (ISO)
Hypertelorism  (ISO)
hypertension  (ISO)
Hypertensive Nephropathy  (ISO)
Intervertebral Disc Disease  (ISO)
Joint Instability  (ISO)
Keloid  (ISO)
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy  (ISO)
Lipodermatosclerosis  (ISO)
liver benign neoplasm  (ISO)
liver cirrhosis  (ISO)
lupus nephritis  (IDA,IEP,ISO)
Metabolic Bone Diseases  (ISO)
multiple sclerosis  (ISO)
myocardial infarction  (ISO)
myocarditis  (IDA)
myopia  (IEP)
Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy  (ISO)
nephrosclerosis  (ISO)
nephrotic syndrome  (ISO)
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease  (IDA,ISO)
ocular hypertension  (IMP)
open-angle glaucoma  (IMP)
oral submucous fibrosis  (ISO)
osteoarthritis  (ISO)
Osteoarthritis, Experimental  (ISO)
Osteoarthritis, Hip  (ISO)
osteogenesis imperfecta  (IAGP,IEA,ISO)
osteogenesis imperfecta type 1  (IEA,ISO)
osteogenesis imperfecta type 2  (IEA,ISO)
osteogenesis imperfecta type 2C  (ISO)
osteogenesis imperfecta type 3  (IEA,ISO)
osteogenesis imperfecta type 4  (IEA,ISO)
osteoporosis  (ISO)
otosclerosis  (ISO)
Postmenopausal Osteoporosis  (ISO)
primary biliary cholangitis  (ISO)
prostate cancer  (ISO)
pulmonary fibrosis  (IEP,ISO)
pulmonary hypertension  (ISO)
Spontaneous Abortions  (ISO)
systemic scleroderma  (ISO)
Tendon Injuries  (ISO)
thoracic aortic aneurysm  (ISO)
Trachomatous Trichiasis  (ISO)
ulcerative colitis  (ISO)
ureteral obstruction  (ISO)

Gene-Chemical Interaction Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
(+)-schisandrin B  (ISO)
(+)-Tetrandrine  (ISO)
(-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate  (EXP,ISO)
(2R,4R)-1-[(2S)-5-(diaminomethylideneamino)-2-[(3-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolin-8-yl)sulfonylamino]-1-oxopentyl]-4-methyl-2-piperidinecarboxylic acid  (EXP)
(R)-carnitine  (ISO)
(R)-lipoic acid  (ISO)
(R)-mevalonic acid  (ISO)
(R)-noradrenaline  (ISO)
(S)-nicotine  (EXP)
1,2-dimethylhydrazine  (EXP)
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine  (EXP)
1-naphthyl isothiocyanate  (EXP,ISO)
1-stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol  (ISO)
15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2  (EXP)
17alpha-ethynylestradiol  (EXP,ISO)
17beta-estradiol  (EXP,ISO)
17beta-hydroxy-5alpha-androstan-3-one  (EXP)
2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether  (ISO)
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxine  (EXP,ISO)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzofuran  (EXP)
2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid  (EXP)
2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-\{[2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethyl](methyl)amino\}-2-(propan-2-yl)pentanenitrile  (EXP)
2-amino-2-deoxy-D-galactopyranose  (ISO)
2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose  (ISO)
2-butoxyethanol  (EXP)
2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate  (ISO)
2-trans,6-trans,10-trans-geranylgeranyl diphosphate  (ISO)
24,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D  (ISO)
3'-amino-3'-deoxy-N(6),N(6)-dimethyladenosine  (ISO)
3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl  (EXP,ISO)
3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine  (ISO)
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine  (EXP)
3,7-dihydropurine-6-thione  (ISO)
3-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthine  (EXP,ISO)
3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione  (ISO)
4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane  (ISO)
4,4'-sulfonyldiphenol  (EXP)
4-hydroxynon-2-enal  (ISO)
4-hydroxyphenyl retinamide  (EXP)
5'-S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine  (ISO)
5-(1,4-diazepane-1-sulfonyl)isoquinoline  (EXP)
5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine  (ISO)
5-azacytidine  (ISO)
5-fluorouracil  (EXP)
6-propyl-2-thiouracil  (ISO)
6alpha-methylprednisolone  (ISO)
8'-apo-beta,psi-caroten-8'-al  (ISO)
9-cis-retinoic acid  (ISO)
acetaldehyde  (EXP,ISO)
acetic acid  (EXP)
acrolein  (ISO)
acrylamide  (ISO)
actinomycin D  (ISO)
adenine  (ISO)
AICA ribonucleotide  (ISO)
aldehydo-D-glucosamine  (ISO)
aldehydo-D-glucose  (ISO)
aldosterone  (ISO)
all-trans-4-oxoretinoic acid  (ISO)
all-trans-4-oxoretinol  (ISO)
all-trans-retinoic acid  (EXP,ISO)
all-trans-retinol  (EXP,ISO)
allyl isothiocyanate  (EXP)
alpha-pinene  (ISO)
aluminium oxide  (ISO)
AM-251  (ISO)
ambroxol  (ISO)
aminoguanidine  (ISO)
amlodipine  (ISO)
amosite asbestos  (ISO)
amphetamine  (ISO)
amphibole asbestos  (EXP)
andrographolide  (EXP,ISO)
anthocyanin  (ISO)
arsenous acid  (EXP,ISO)
atorvastatin calcium  (ISO)
atrazine  (ISO)
azathioprine  (ISO)
azelastine  (ISO)
baicalein  (ISO)
benzene  (ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene  (EXP,ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide I  (ISO)
benzo[b]fluoranthene  (EXP)
Benzo[ghi]perylene  (EXP)
berberine  (ISO)
beta-carotene  (ISO)
beta-D-glucosamine  (ISO)
beta-naphthoflavone  (EXP,ISO)
bezafibrate  (EXP,ISO)
bisphenol A  (EXP,ISO)
bisphenol F  (EXP)
bleomycin A2  (EXP,ISO)
boron atom  (ISO)
boron nitride  (ISO)
BQ 123  (EXP)
bromochloroacetic acid  (EXP)
bucladesine  (ISO)
butanal  (ISO)
cadmium atom  (EXP,ISO)
cadmium dichloride  (EXP,ISO)
caffeine  (EXP,ISO)
calcitriol  (EXP,ISO)
calcium dichloride  (ISO)
calcium dihydroxide  (ISO)
camostat  (ISO)
capsaicin  (ISO)
carbamazepine  (ISO)
carbon nanotube  (EXP,ISO)
carmustine  (ISO)
carvedilol  (ISO)
casticin  (ISO)
celecoxib  (ISO)
ceruletide  (EXP,ISO)
chenodeoxycholic acid  (EXP,ISO)
chloramphenicol  (ISO)
chlorogenic acid  (ISO)
cholate  (ISO)
choline  (EXP,ISO)
chromium(6+)  (EXP)
chrysene  (EXP)
ciglitazone  (ISO)
cisplatin  (ISO)
clodronic acid  (EXP)
clofibrate  (EXP)
clofibric acid  (ISO)
Clofop  (ISO)
clothianidin  (ISO)
cocaine  (ISO)
coenzyme Q10  (ISO)
copper atom  (ISO)
copper(0)  (ISO)
cortisol  (ISO)
crocidolite asbestos  (EXP,ISO)
cucurbitacin B  (EXP)
cucurbitacin E  (ISO)
curcumin  (EXP,ISO)
cycloheximide  (EXP)
cyclosporin A  (ISO)
cystamine  (ISO)
cytarabine  (ISO)
cytochalasin D  (ISO)
D-glucose  (ISO)
desferrioxamine B  (ISO)
dexamethasone  (EXP,ISO)
dextran sulfate  (EXP)
diarsenic trioxide  (EXP,ISO)
diazepam  (ISO)
diethyl maleate  (ISO)
diethylstilbestrol  (EXP)
diiodine  (ISO)
diltiazem  (EXP)
dimethyl sulfoxide  (ISO)
dimethylarsinous acid  (ISO)
diminazene diaceturate  (ISO)
dioxygen  (EXP,ISO)
dipyridamole  (ISO)
disodium selenite  (EXP)
diuron  (ISO)
divanadium pentaoxide  (ISO)
dorsomorphin  (ISO)
doxazosin  (ISO)
doxorubicin  (EXP,ISO)
EC (peptidyl-dipeptidase A) inhibitor  (ISO)
elemental boron  (ISO)
elemental selenium  (EXP)
emodin  (ISO)
enalapril  (EXP)
endosulfan  (ISO)
entinostat  (EXP,ISO)
enzacamene  (ISO)
epalrestat  (EXP)
eplerenone  (ISO)
eprosartan  (ISO)
ethanol  (EXP,ISO)
ethyl methanesulfonate  (ISO)
ethylisopropylamiloride  (ISO)
excitatory amino acid agonist  (ISO)
fasudil hydrochloride  (EXP)
fenofibrate  (EXP,ISO)
fenvalerate  (ISO)
ferric ammonium citrate  (EXP)
fingolimod hydrochloride  (EXP)
folic acid  (EXP)
folpet  (EXP)
fomepizole  (ISO)
fonofos  (ISO)
fulvestrant  (ISO)
fumonisin B1  (EXP)
furan  (ISO)
genistein  (EXP,ISO)
geraniol  (ISO)
glucagon  (EXP)
glucose  (ISO)
glycerol 2-phosphate  (EXP)
glycyrrhetinate  (EXP)
glycyrrhetinic acid  (EXP)
glyoxal  (ISO)
gold atom  (EXP)
gold(0)  (EXP)
griseofulvin  (EXP)
guaiazulene  (ISO)
GW 4064  (ISO)
heptachlor  (ISO)
hesperetin  (ISO)
Hexachloro-1,3-butadiene  (ISO)
hexadecanoic acid  (ISO)
Honokiol  (ISO)
hydralazine  (ISO)
hydrogen peroxide  (EXP,ISO)
hydroquinone  (ISO)
indole-3-methanol  (ISO)
indometacin  (ISO)
iron atom  (ISO)
iron dextran  (EXP)
iron(0)  (ISO)
iron(III) nitrilotriacetate  (ISO)
isoflavones  (ISO)
isoprenaline  (EXP,ISO)
isorhamnetin  (EXP,ISO)
isotretinoin  (ISO)
kainic acid  (EXP)
L-ascorbic acid  (EXP,ISO)
L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate  (ISO)
L-cysteine  (ISO)
L-methionine  (EXP,ISO)
lead diacetate  (ISO)
lead(0)  (EXP)
lead(2+)  (EXP)
leukotriene B4  (EXP)
levonorgestrel  (ISO)
linoleic acid  (EXP)
lipoic acid  (ISO)
lipopolysaccharide  (EXP,ISO)
lithocholic acid  (EXP)
losartan  (EXP,ISO)
LY 364947  (EXP)
LY-2157299  (EXP)
magnesium atom  (ISO)
malonaldehyde  (ISO)
mangiferin  (ISO)
manidipine  (ISO)
maraviroc  (EXP)
marinobufagenin  (ISO)
menadione  (ISO)
menaquinone  (ISO)
mercaptopurine  (ISO)
mercury dibromide  (ISO)
mercury dichloride  (ISO)
methotrexate  (ISO)
methyl methanesulfonate  (ISO)
methylmercury chloride  (ISO)
methylmercury(1+)  (ISO)
methylparaben  (ISO)
metoprolol  (EXP,ISO)
miconazole  (EXP)
mifepristone  (ISO)
monocrotaline  (ISO)
monosodium L-glutamate  (ISO)
myricitrin  (EXP,ISO)
N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine  (EXP)
N-[2-(4-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]isoquinoline-5-sulfonamide  (ISO)
N-acetyl-1,4-benzoquinone imine  (ISO)
N-acetyl-L-cysteine  (EXP,ISO)
N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucinal  (ISO)
N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium  (ISO)
N-nitrosodiethylamine  (ISO)
N-nitrosodimethylamine  (ISO)
N-nitrosomorpholine  (ISO)
N-oleoyldopamine  (ISO)
N-palmitoyl dopamine  (ISO)
N-tosyl-L-phenylalanyl chloromethyl ketone  (ISO)
naphthalene  (EXP)
naringin  (EXP)
neoeriocitrin  (EXP)
nickel atom  (ISO)
nickel sulfate  (EXP)
niclosamide  (EXP)
nicotinamide  (EXP,ISO)
nicotine  (EXP)
nimodipine  (EXP)
nitrofen  (ISO)
obeticholic acid  (EXP,ISO)
okadaic acid  (ISO)
olanzapine  (ISO)
olaparib  (EXP)
oleamide  (ISO)
oleanolic acid  (ISO)
oleic acid  (ISO)
Olmesartan medoxomil  (ISO)
Osajin  (ISO)
ouabain  (ISO)
oxaliplatin  (ISO)
ozone  (EXP,ISO)
paclitaxel  (ISO)
pamidronate  (ISO)
panobinostat  (ISO)
paracetamol  (EXP,ISO)
paraquat  (EXP,ISO)
parathion  (ISO)
paricalcitol  (ISO)
pentanal  (ISO)
Pentoxifylline  (ISO)
perfluorooctane-1-sulfonic acid  (ISO)
perfluorooctanoic acid  (EXP)
phenobarbital  (ISO)
phenol  (ISO)
phenylmercury acetate  (ISO)
phenytoin  (ISO)
phosphatidylcholine  (ISO)
phosphorus atom  (ISO)
phosphorus(.)  (ISO)
pirfenidone  (EXP,ISO)
pirinixic acid  (EXP,ISO)
piroxicam  (ISO)
Plantamajoside  (EXP)
poly(ethylene)  (ISO)
poly(guanylic acid)  (ISO)
Pomiferin  (ISO)
potassium dichromate  (EXP,ISO)
prednisolone  (ISO)
Pristimerin  (ISO)
progesterone  (EXP,ISO)
propanal  (ISO)
prostaglandin E2  (ISO)
Ptaquiloside  (EXP)
puerarin  (EXP)
purine-6-thiol  (ISO)
pyrazinecarboxamide  (ISO)
pyrogallol  (EXP)
pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate  (ISO)
quartz  (ISO)
quercetin  (EXP,ISO)
ramipril  (ISO)
Rebamipide  (ISO)
resveratrol  (EXP,ISO)
rifaximin  (ISO)
rimonabant  (ISO)
rosmarinic acid  (ISO)
rotenone  (ISO)
rottlerin  (ISO)
S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine  (ISO)
S-adenosyl-L-methioninate  (ISO)
S-adenosyl-L-methionine  (ISO)
S-butyl-DL-homocysteine (S,R)-sulfoximine  (ISO)
saralasin  (ISO)
SB 203580  (ISO)
SB 431542  (ISO)
Se-methyl-L-selenocysteine  (ISO)
Se-methylselenocysteine  (ISO)
selenium atom  (EXP)
serpentine asbestos  (EXP)
Shikonin  (ISO)
sildenafil citrate  (EXP)
silibinin  (ISO)
silicon dioxide  (EXP,ISO)
simvastatin  (EXP,ISO)
sirolimus  (ISO)
sirtinol  (EXP)
sodium arsenate  (EXP)
sodium arsenite  (EXP,ISO)
sodium aurothiomalate  (ISO)
sodium chloride  (ISO)
sodium dichromate  (ISO)
sodium fluoride  (ISO)
sorafenib  (ISO)
stattic  (EXP,ISO)
streptozocin  (EXP)
sulfasalazine  (ISO)
sulforaphane  (ISO)
sunitinib  (ISO)
T-2 toxin  (EXP)
tacrolimus hydrate  (EXP,ISO)
tamoxifen  (EXP)
temozolomide  (ISO)
terbufos  (ISO)
testosterone  (EXP,ISO)
testosterone enanthate  (ISO)
testosterone undecanoate  (ISO)
tetrachloromethane  (EXP,ISO)
tetramethylpyrazine  (EXP,ISO)
tetraphene  (EXP)
thalidomide  (ISO)
theophylline  (ISO)
thioacetamide  (EXP,ISO)
thymoquinone  (EXP,ISO)
titanium atom  (ISO)
titanium dioxide  (EXP)
toluene  (ISO)
topotecan  (ISO)
tranexamic acid  (EXP)
tributylstannane  (ISO)
trichloroethene  (EXP,ISO)
trichostatin A  (EXP,ISO)
triclosan  (ISO)
trimellitic anhydride  (EXP)
troglitazone  (EXP,ISO)
uranium atom  (EXP)
valproic acid  (EXP,ISO)
valsartan  (EXP)
vanadium atom  (ISO)
vanadium(0)  (ISO)
verapamil  (EXP)
vitamin E  (ISO)
vitamin K  (ISO)
warfarin  (EXP,ISO)
Y-27632  (EXP,ISO)
zinc atom  (EXP,ISO)
zinc dichloride  (EXP)
zinc sulfate  (EXP)
zinc(0)  (EXP,ISO)
zoledronic acid  (EXP,ISO)

Gene Ontology Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Biological Process
blood vessel development  (IBA,IMP,ISO)
bone trabecula formation  (IGI)
cartilage development involved in endochondral bone morphogenesis  (IMP)
cellular response to amino acid stimulus  (IDA)
cellular response to epidermal growth factor stimulus  (ISO)
cellular response to fibroblast growth factor stimulus  (ISO)
cellular response to fluoride  (ISO)
cellular response to mechanical stimulus  (IEP)
cellular response to retinoic acid  (ISO)
cellular response to transforming growth factor beta stimulus  (ISO)
cellular response to tumor necrosis factor  (ISO)
cellular response to vitamin E  (ISO)
collagen biosynthetic process  (ISO)
collagen fibril organization  (ISO)
collagen-activated tyrosine kinase receptor signaling pathway  (IBA,ISO)
embryonic skeletal system development  (ISO)
endochondral ossification  (IMP)
extracellular matrix organization  (IBA)
face morphogenesis  (IGI)
intramembranous ossification  (IGI)
negative regulation of cell-substrate adhesion  (IDA)
ossification  (IBA)
osteoblast differentiation  (IEP)
positive regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway  (ISO)
positive regulation of cell migration  (ISO)
positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition  (ISO)
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated  (ISO)
protein localization to nucleus  (ISO)
protein transport  (IMP)
response to cAMP  (ISO)
response to corticosteroid  (ISO)
response to drug  (ISO)
response to estradiol  (ISO)
response to fluoride  (ISO)
response to hydrogen peroxide  (ISO)
response to hyperoxia  (ISO)
response to mechanical stimulus  (IBA)
response to nutrient  (ISO)
response to nutrient levels  (ISO)
response to peptide hormone  (ISO)
response to steroid hormone  (ISO)
sensory perception of sound  (ISO)
skeletal system development  (IBA,IMP,ISO)
skeletal system morphogenesis  (IGI)
skin development  (IBA,IMP)
skin morphogenesis  (ISO)
tooth eruption  (ISO)
tooth mineralization  (ISO)
visual perception  (ISO)
wound healing  (ISO)

Cellular Component


References - curated
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2. Aerssens J, etal., Arthritis Rheum. 1998 Nov;41(11):1946-50.
3. Ahmed MR, etal., Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2014 Nov;22(11):1894-901. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2014.07.028. Epub 2014 Aug 13.
4. Almeida L, etal., Infect Genet Evol. 2015 Mar;30:225-9. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.12.034. Epub 2015 Jan 3.
5. Annoni G, etal., Boll Ist Sieroter Milan. 1991-1992;70(1-2):391-7.
6. Arisal O, etal., Haematologia (Budap). 2002;32(4):475-82.
7. Bai Y, etal., Am J Med Sci. 2015 Apr;349(4):292-7. doi: 10.1097/MAJ.0000000000000408.
8. Bei T, etal., Hormones (Athens). 2008 Jul-Sep;7(3):251-4.
9. Bergijk EC, etal., Kidney Int. 1994 Dec;46(6):1663-73.
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