RGD Reference Report - Presynaptic control of striatal glutamatergic neurotransmission by adenosine A1-A2A receptor heteromers. - Rat Genome Database

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Presynaptic control of striatal glutamatergic neurotransmission by adenosine A1-A2A receptor heteromers.

Authors: Ciruela, F  Casado, V  Rodrigues, RJ  Lujan, R  Burgueno, J  Canals, M  Borycz, J  Rebola, N  Goldberg, SR  Mallol, J  Cortes, A  Canela, EI  Lopez-Gimenez, JF  Milligan, G  Lluis, C  Cunha, RA  Ferre, S  Franco, R 
Citation: Ciruela F, etal., J Neurosci. 2006 Feb 15;26(7):2080-7.
RGD ID: 1625231
Pubmed: PMID:16481441   (View Abstract at PubMed)
PMCID: PMC6674939   (View Article at PubMed Central)
DOI: DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3574-05.2006   (Journal Full-text)

The functional role of heteromers of G-protein-coupled receptors is a matter of debate. In the present study, we demonstrate that heteromerization of adenosine A1 receptors (A1Rs) and A2A receptors (A2ARs) allows adenosine to exert a fine-tuning modulation of glutamatergic neurotransmission. By means of coimmunoprecipitation, bioluminescence and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer techniques, we showed the existence of A1R-A2AR heteromers in the cell surface of cotransfected cells. Immunogold detection and coimmunoprecipitation experiments indicated that A1R and A2AR are colocalized in the same striatal glutamatergic nerve terminals. Radioligand-binding experiments in cotransfected cells and rat striatum showed that a main biochemical characteristic of the A1R-A2AR heteromer is the ability of A2AR activation to reduce the affinity of the A1R for agonists. This provides a switch mechanism by which low and high concentrations of adenosine inhibit and stimulate, respectively, glutamate release. Furthermore, it is also shown that A1R-A2AR heteromers constitute a unique target for caffeine and that chronic caffeine treatment leads to modifications in the function of the A1R-A2AR heteromer that could underlie the strong tolerance to the psychomotor effects of caffeine.

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Cellular Component

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Adora1  (adenosine A1 receptor)
Adora2a  (adenosine A2a receptor)

Additional Information