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Polymorphisms of genes encoding components of the sympathetic nervous system but not the renin-angiotensin system as risk factors for orthostatic hypotension.

Authors: Tabara, Y  Kohara, K  Miki, T 
Citation: Tabara Y, etal., J Hypertens. 2002 Apr;20(4):651-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11910300

OBJECTIVE: The genetic background of orthostatic hypotension, an important risk factor for future cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, was investigated. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study subjects comprised 415 community-dwelling individuals, who were free from any cardiovascular complications, aged 50 years or older (mean age 70.5 +/- 9 years). Basal systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured twice in supine posture after resting for more than 10 min. The orthostatic change in SBP was determined at 1 min and 3 min after standing up. The maximum change in SBP after standing was determined. Orthostatic hypotension was defined as a decline in SBP greater than 20 mmHg. The polymorphisms of genes encoding components of the renin-angiotensin system and sympathetic nervous system, which play pivotal roles in postural change in blood pressure regulation, were determined. RESULTS: There were no significant associations between the maximum change in SBP, the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension and gene polymorphisms of angiotensin-converting enzyme I/D, angiotensinogen M235T and angiotensin II type 1 receptor A1166C. On the contrary, polymorphism of the Gs protein alpha-subunit (GNAS1) T131C was significantly associated with the maximum change in SBP after standing [1.9 +/- 16 versus -3.6 +/- 16 mmHg (TT + TC versus CC), P = 0.008]. The prevalence of orthostatic hypotension was significantly different among GNAS1 genotypes (chi squared = 10.12, P = 0.011) and G-protein beta 3 subunit (GNB3) genotypes (chi squared = 6.12, P = 0.020). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that both GNAS1 CC genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 2.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.35-5.79, P = 0.006] and GNB3 C allele (OR = 1.78, 95% CI 1.06-3.00, P = 0.030) were independent risks for orthostatic hypotension. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that genes encoding sympathetic nervous components could be involved in the predisposition for orthostatic hypotension.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 1580406
Created: 2006-07-27
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-07-27
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.