RGD Reference Report - Topical insulin-like growth factor 1 treatment using gelatin hydrogels for glucocorticoid-resistant sudden sensorineural hearing loss: a prospective clinical trial. - Rat Genome Database

Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

Topical insulin-like growth factor 1 treatment using gelatin hydrogels for glucocorticoid-resistant sudden sensorineural hearing loss: a prospective clinical trial.

Authors: Nakagawa, T  Sakamoto, T  Hiraumi, H  Kikkawa, YS  Yamamoto, N  Hamaguchi, K  Ono, K  Yamamoto, M  Tabata, Y  Teramukai, S  Tanaka, S  Tada, H  Onodera, R  Yonezawa, A  Inui, K  Ito, J 
Citation: Nakagawa T, etal., BMC Med. 2010 Nov 25;8:76. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-8-76.
RGD ID: 8548824
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:21108784
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1186/1741-7015-8-76

BACKGROUND: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is a common condition in which patients lose the hearing in one ear within 3 days. Systemic glucocorticoid treatments have been used as standard therapy for SSHL; however, about 20% of patients do not respond. We tested the safety and efficacy of topical insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) application using gelatin hydrogels as a treatment for SSHL. METHODS: Patients with SSHL that showed no recovery to systemic glucocorticoid administration were recruited. We applied gelatin hydrogels, impregnated with recombinant human IGF1, into the middle ear. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of patients showing hearing improvement 12 weeks after the test treatment. The secondary outcome measures were the proportion of patients showing improvement at 24 weeks and the incidence of adverse events. The null hypothesis was that 33% of patients would show hearing improvement, as was reported for a historical control after hyperbaric oxygen therapy. RESULTS: In total, 25 patients received the test treatment at a median of 23 days (range 15-32) after the onset of SSHL, between 2007 and 2009. At 12 weeks after the test treatment, 48% (95% CI 28% to 69%; P = 0.086) of patients showed hearing improvement, and the proportion increased to 56% (95% CI 35% to 76%; P = 0.015) at 24 weeks. No serious adverse events were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Topical IGF1 application using gelatin hydrogels is well tolerated and may be efficacious for hearing recovery in patients with SSHL that is resistant to systemic glucocorticoids.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Igf1  (insulin-like growth factor 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Igf1  (insulin-like growth factor 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
IGF1  (insulin like growth factor 1)


Additional Information