RGD Reference Report - Multiplex family-based study in systemic lupus erythematosus: association between the R620W polymorphism of PTPN22 and the FcgammaRIIa (CD32A) R131 allele. - Rat Genome Database

Send us a Message

Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

Multiplex family-based study in systemic lupus erythematosus: association between the R620W polymorphism of PTPN22 and the FcgammaRIIa (CD32A) R131 allele.

Authors: Balada, E  Villarreal-Tolchinsky, J  Ordi-Ros, J  Labrador, M  Serrano-Acedo, S  Martinez-Lostao, L  Vilardell-Tarres, M 
Citation: Balada E, etal., Tissue Antigens. 2006 Nov;68(5):432-8.
RGD ID: 5147973
Pubmed: PMID:17092257   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1111/j.1399-0039.2006.00695.x   (Journal Full-text)

A functional polymorphism in PTPN22, a gene encoding a phosphatase involved in T-cell signaling, has been associated with autoimmunity. We checked for the prevalence of the PTPN22 R620W polymorphism in multiplex families affected with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and other autoimmune diseases. Its association with other polymorphisms in mannose binding lectin (MBL) and FcgammaRIIa (CD32A) genes was also studied. Deoxyribonucleic acid samples were obtained from 233 Spanish individuals who belonged to 21 families in which at least two members had been diagnosed with some autoimmune disease, mainly SLE. A healthy control population was also included (n= 129). Genotyping for the R620W single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was performed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of polymerase chain reaction products. Allele frequency for the T allele was slightly higher in the families with autoimmune disease, especially when considering the affected individuals (0.094 vs 0.062). Actually, 18.8% affected family members vs 11.6% controls had the polymorphism (P= 0.179). Nineteen percent of affected individuals had both the PTPN22 T and the CD32A R131 alleles, whereas only 8.5% unaffected relatives had both susceptibility alleles simultaneously [P= 0.031, odds ratios 2.508 (95% confidence interval 1.066-5.896)]. The tendency toward finding the T allele more frequently in members affected with some particular autoimmune disorder suggests that this SNP may confer susceptibility to autoimmunity. The fact that more affected than unaffected relatives carried both the T and the R131 alleles simultaneously leads us to think about the existence of a combinatorial effect between genes that could help define individuals prone to autoimmune diseases.

RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
FCGR2AHumansystemic lupus erythematosus  IAGP DNA:polymorphism:cds:p.H131R (human)RGD 
Fcgr2aRatsystemic lupus erythematosus  ISOFCGR2A (Homo sapiens)DNA:polymorphism: :p.H131R (human)RGD 
PTPN22Humansystemic lupus erythematosus  IAGP DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.R620W (human)RGD 
Ptpn22Ratsystemic lupus erythematosus  ISOPTPN22 (Homo sapiens)DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.R620W (human)RGD 
Ptpn22Mousesystemic lupus erythematosus  ISOPTPN22 (Homo sapiens)DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.R620W (human)RGD 

Phenotype Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Manual Human Phenotype Annotations - RGD

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
PTPN22HumanSystemic lupus erythematosus  IAGP DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.R620WRGD 
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Fcgr2a  (Fc gamma receptor 2A)
Ptpn22  (protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 22)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Ptpn22  (protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 22 (lymphoid))

Genes (Homo sapiens)
FCGR2A  (Fc gamma receptor IIa)
PTPN22  (protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22)

Additional Information