Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  FTP Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

A bridging interaction allows calmodulin to activate NO synthase through a bi-modal mechanism.

Authors: Tejero, J  Haque, MM  Durra, D  Stuehr, DJ 
Citation: Tejero J, etal., J Biol Chem. 2010 Aug 20;285(34):25941-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.126797. Epub 2010 Jun 7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20529840
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M110.126797

Calmodulin (CaM) activates the nitric-oxide synthases (NOS) by a mechanism that is not completely understood. A recent crystal structure showed that bound CaM engages in a bridging interaction with the NOS FMN subdomain. We investigated its importance in neuronal NOS (nNOS) by mutating the two residues that primarily create the bridging interaction (Arg(752) in the FMN subdomain and Glu(47) in CaM). Mutations designed to completely destroy the bridging interaction prevented bound CaM from increasing electron flux through the FMN subdomain and diminished the FMN-to-heme electron transfer by 90%, whereas mutations that partly preserve the interaction had intermediate effects. The bridging interaction appeared to control FMN subdomain interactions with both its electron donor (NADPH-FAD subdomain) and electron acceptor (heme domain) partner subdomains in nNOS. We conclude that the Arg(752)-Glu(47) bridging interaction is the main feature that enables CaM to activate nNOS. The mechanism is bi-modal and links a single structural aspect of CaM binding to specific changes in nNOS protein conformational and electron transfer properties that are essential for catalysis.


Gene Ontology Annotations
Objects Annotated

Additional Information

RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 7241266
Created: 2013-03-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-03-07
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.