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Distribution of two-pore-domain potassium channels in the adult rat vestibular periphery.

Authors: Popper, P  Winkler, J  Erbe, CB  Lerch-Gaggl, A  Siebeneich, W  Wackym, PA 
Citation: Popper P, etal., Hear Res. 2008 Dec;246(1-2):1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2008.09.004. Epub 2008 Sep 20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18838117
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.heares.2008.09.004

Constitutively active background or "leak" two-pore-domain potassium (K(+)) channels (Kcnk family), as defined by lack of voltage and time dependency are central to electrical excitability of cells by controlling resting membrane potential and membrane resistance. Inhibition of these channels by several neurotransmitters, e.g. glutamate, or acetylcholine, induces membrane depolarization and subsequent action potential firing as well as increases membrane resistance amplifying responses to synaptic inputs. In contrast, their opening contributes to hyperpolarization. Because of their central role in determining cellular excitability and response to synaptic stimulation, these channels likely play a role in the differential effects of vestibular efferent neurons on afferent discharge. Microarray data from previous experiments showed Kcnk 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 1 5 mRNA in Scarpa's ganglia. Real-time RT-PCR showed Kcnk 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 15 mRNA expression in Scarpa's ganglia and Kcnk 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 but not 15 mRNA expression in the crista ampullaris. We studied the distribution of two-pore-domain potassium channels K(2P)1.1, 2.1, 3.1 and 6.1 like immunoreactivity (corresponding to Kcnk genes 1, 2, 3 and 6) in the vestibular periphery. K(2P)1.1 (TWIK 1) immunoreactivity was detected along nerve terminals, supporting cells and blood vessels of the crista ampullaris and in the cytoplasm of neurons of the Scarpa's ganglia. K(2P)2.1 (TREK 1) immunoreactivity was detected in nerve terminals and transitional cells of the crista ampullaris, in the vestibular dark cells and in neuronal fibers and somata of neurons of Scarpa's ganglia. K(2P)3.1 (TASK 1) immunoreactivity was detected in supporting cells and transitional cells of the crista ampullaris, in vestibular dark cells and in neuron cytoplasm within Scarpa's ganglia. K(2P)6.1 (TWIK 2) immunoreactivity was detected in nerve terminals, blood vessels hair cells and transitional cells of the crista ampullaris and in the somata and neuron fibers of Scarpa's ganglia.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 9831146
Created: 2015-02-26
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-02-26
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.