RGD Reference Report - Differentiation and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplanted through the spleen in rats with portal hypertension. - Rat Genome Database

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Differentiation and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplanted through the spleen in rats with portal hypertension.

Authors: Sun, Song  Chen, Gong  Xu, Menghua  Qiao, Yingli  Zheng, Shan 
Citation: Sun S, etal., PLoS One. 2013 Dec 10;8(12):e83523. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083523. eCollection 2013.
RGD ID: 27226712
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24340101
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0083523


AIMS: The goals of this paper were to evaluate the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into hepatocyte-like cells in vitro, and to determine whether stem cells can migrate and plant into the liver with portal hypertension accompanied by the end-stage of liver disease.
METHODS: BMSCs were isolated from rats and amplified with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and fibroblast growth factor-4 (FGF-4). The expression of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), cytokeratin 18 (CK-18), and albumin (ALB) was detected by immunofluorescence in induced cells. Rats were randomly divided into experimental (with common bile duct ligation) and control groups. After injection of fluorescence labeled cells, cell distribution was observed under a fluorescence microscope. The integrated optical density (IOD) and cell distribution scores were evaluated using Image-Pro Plus 6.0 software. The portal pressure was measured before the rats were killed.
RESULTS: After being induced with HGF and FGF-4, the Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, and mitochondria all significantly increased in the fifth generation cells. Immunofluorescent analysis showed that the induced cells expressed AFP, CK-18, and ALB. BMSCs were stained by CM-Dil, and the labeling rate was as high as 95.5%. The portal pressure in experimental group was much higher than that of the control group (18.04±2.35 vs. 9.75±1.40 cm H2O p<0.01). The IOD of transplanted cells in the experimental group was also significantly higher than that of the control group (11.30±2.09×10(5) vs. 2.93±0.88×10(5), p<0.01). In addition, the cell distribution score in the experimental group was lower than that of the control group (1.99±0.36 vs. 2.36±0.27, P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of HGF and FGF-4 induces the differentiation of BMSCs into hepatocyte-like cells, which express AFP, CK-18, and ALB. In addition, the recruitment of BMSCs (after transplantation in the spleen) was improved in rats with portal hypertension.

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Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

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Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Krt18  (keratin 18)


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