RGD Reference Report - Interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha stimulate the cat-2 gene of the L-arginine transporter in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. - Rat Genome Database

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Interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha stimulate the cat-2 gene of the L-arginine transporter in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Gill, DJ  Low, BC  Grigor, MR 
Citation: Gill DJ, etal., J Biol Chem. 1996 May 10;271(19):11280-3.
RGD ID: 1642931
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8626679

The production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in cytokine-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of several vascular disease states including septic shock. This study examines the relationship between cytokine-stimulated NO production and L-arginine transport in cultured VSMC. Cultured VSMC from rat aorta were stimulated with interleukin-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and/or angiotensin II (Ang II); and the accumulation of nitrite, a stable product of NO metabolism, in the culture media and the rates of net L-arginine uptake were measured. Interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, alone or in combination, stimulated both the uptake of L-arginine and the accumulation of nitrite in the culture media in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of NOS activity by substituted analogues of L-arginine had no effect on cytokine-stimulated L-arginine transport. Ang II in the presence of cytokines up-regulated L-arginine transport while inhibiting nitrite accumulation. Two forms of the L-arginine transporter, cat-1b and cat-2, are expressed in VSMC. Northern analysis revealed that the cytokine-stimulated increase in L-arginine transport coincided with increased levels of cat-2 mRNA. In contrast, cat-1b does not appear to be regulated by cytokines at the mRNA level, although significant increases in response to Ang II were observed. These results show that, while cytokines can stimulate both NOS activity and L-arginine uptake, NO production is not required to signal the increase in L-arginine transport. Furthermore, Ang II and cytokine stimulation of L-arginine uptake involves the differential regulation of the cationic amino acid transporter (cat) genes.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Slc7a2  (solute carrier family 7 member 2)


Additional Information