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Missense mutations of the glycoprotein (GP) Ib beta gene impairing the GPIb alpha/beta disulfide linkage in a family with giant platelet disorder.

Authors: Kunishima, S  Lopez, JA  Kobayashi, S  Imai, N  Kamiya, T  Saito, H  Naoe, T 
Citation: Kunishima S, etal., Blood. 1997 Apr 1;89(7):2404-12.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9116284

We describe here the molecular basis of an isolated hereditary giant platelet disorder (GPD) which is not accompanied with thrombocytopenia or leukocyte inclusion. Platelet aggregation with ristocetin and botrocetin was almost normal in this patient. Flow cytometric analysis showed that the glycoprotein (GP) Ib/IX complex was expressed on the platelet membranes at decreased levels. The amount of platelet GPIb alpha and the plasma glycocalicin concentration, the water-soluble extracellular portion of GPIb alpha, were also decreased. The anti-GPIb alpha antibody coprecipitated GPIb beta and GPIX, although the ratios of these polypeptides to GPIb alpha was greatly decreased compared with the ratio in normal platelets. Immunoblot analysis under nonreduced conditions showed that most of the GPIb alpha in the patient's platelets was not disulfide linked with GPIb beta. DNA sequencing analysis showed compound heterozygosity for two independent single nucleotide substitutions: from Tyr (TAC) to Cys (TGC) at residue 88, and from Ala (GCC) to Pro (CCC) at residue 108 in her GPIb beta gene. These substitutions were not found in genomic DNA samples from 108 normal individuals. These mutations might result in decreased expression of the GPIb/IX complex and may influence the association of the complex with the membrane skeleton, consequently impairing normal platelet morphology. Furthermore, the phenotype caused by mutations in the subunits of the GPIb/IX complex could span the spectrum from a normal phenotype, to isolated GPD, to a full-blown bleeding disorder, such as Bernard-Soulier syndrome.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 11040528
Created: 2016-03-09
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-03-09
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.