RGD Reference Report - A fully human monoclonal antibody (CR002) identifies PDGF-D as a novel mediator of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. - Rat Genome Database

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A fully human monoclonal antibody (CR002) identifies PDGF-D as a novel mediator of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis.

Authors: Ostendorf, T  Van Roeyen, CR  Peterson, JD  Kunter, U  Eitner, F  Hamad, AJ  Chan, G  Jia, XC  Macaluso, J  Gazit-Bornstein, G  Keyt, BA  Lichenstein, HS  LaRochelle, WJ  Floege, J 
Citation: Ostendorf T, etal., J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Sep;14(9):2237-47.
RGD ID: 9854637
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12937299

PDGF-B is of central importance in mesangioproliferative diseases. PDGF-D, a new PDGF isoform, like PDGF-B, signals through the PDGF betabeta-receptor. The present study first determined that PDGF-D is mitogenic for rat mesangial cells and is not inhibited by a PDGF-B antagonist. Low levels of PDGF-D mRNA were detected in normal rat glomeruli. After induction of mesangioproliferative nephritis in rats by anti-Thy 1.1 mAb, glomerular PDGF-D mRNA and protein expression increased significantly from days 4 to 9 in comparison with nonnephritic rats. Peak expression of PDGF-D mRNA occurred 2 d later than peak PDGF-B mRNA expression. In addition, PDGF-D serum levels increased significantly in the nephritic animals on day 7. For investigating the functional role of PDGF-D, neutralizing fully human mAb were generated using the XenoMouse technology. Rats with anti-Thy 1.1-induced nephritis were treated on days 3 and 5 with different amounts of a fully human PDGF-DD-specific neutralizing mAb (CR002), equal amounts of irrelevant control mAb, or PBS by intraperitoneal injection. Specific antagonism of PDGF-D led to a dose-dependent (up to 67%) reduction of glomerular cell proliferation. As judged by double immunostaining for 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine and alpha-smooth muscle actin, glomerular mesangial cell proliferation was reduced by up to 57%. Reduction of glomerular cell proliferation in the rats that received CR002 was not associated with reduced glomerular expression of PDGF-B mRNA. PDGF-D antagonism also led to reduced glomerular infiltration of monocytes/macrophages (day 5) and reduced accumulation of fibronectin (day 8). In contrast, no effect was noted in normal rats that received an injection of CR002. These data show that PDGF-D is overexpressed in mesangioproliferative states and can act as an auto-, para-, or even endocrine glomerular cell mitogen, indicating that antagonism of PDGF-D may represent a novel therapeutic approach to mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritides.

Disease Annotations    

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Pdgfd  (platelet derived growth factor D)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Pdgfd  (platelet-derived growth factor, D polypeptide)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
PDGFD  (platelet derived growth factor D)

Additional Information