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Pleiotrophin stimulates fibroblasts and endothelial and epithelial cells and is expressed in human cancer.

Authors: Fang, W  Hartmann, N  Chow, DT  Riegel, AT  Wellstein, A 
Citation: Fang W, etal., J Biol Chem. 1992 Dec 25;267(36):25889-97.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1464602

Previously we reported the purification of the heparin-binding growth factor pleiotrophin (PTN) from supernatants of the human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. To investigate further the biological activities of PTN and its potential role in cancer, we cloned a PTN cDNA and expressed the gene in a human kidney and in a human adrenal carcinoma cell line (SW-13). The supernatants harvested from cells transfected with PTN contained a heparin-binding specific protein of an apparent molecular mass of 18 kDa. These supernatants stimulated the proliferation of endothelial cells as well as the anchorage-independent growth of SW-13 cells and of normal rat kidney fibroblasts. Furthermore, SW-13 cells transfected with PTN acquired autonomous growth in soft agar and were tumorigenic in athymic nude mice. In contrast to these results with PTN from human cells, PTN obtained from insect cells (Sf9) using recombinant baculovirus as a vector was biologically inactive. We detected high levels of PTN mRNA in 16 of 27 primary human breast cancer samples (62%) as well as in 8 of 8 carcinogen-induced rat mammary tumors. Furthermore, 9 of 34 human tumor cell lines of different origin showed detectable PTN mRNA. We conclude that PTN may function as a tumor growth and angiogenesis factor in addition to its role during embryonic development.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 9831442
Created: 2015-03-09
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-03-09
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.