RGD Reference Report - Role of endogenous regucalcin in bone metabolism: bone loss is induced in regucalcin transgenic rats. - Rat Genome Database

Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

Role of endogenous regucalcin in bone metabolism: bone loss is induced in regucalcin transgenic rats.

Authors: Yamaguchi, M  Misawa, H  Uchiyama, S  Morooka, Y  Tsurusaki, Y 
Citation: Yamaguchi M, etal., Int J Mol Med. 2002 Oct;10(4):377-83.
RGD ID: 9681003
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12239582

The role of endogenous regucalcin in the regulation of bone metabolism was investigated by using regucalcin transgenic (TG) rats. The expression of regucalcin mRNA in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues of normal (wild-type) rats was shown by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with a specific primer of regucalcin cDNA. Regucalcin protein was detected in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues of normal (wild-type) rats using Western analysis. Regucalcin levels were significantly increased in the femoral-metaphyseal tissues of regucalcin TG male rats and in the diaphyseal and metaphyseal tissues of the TG female rats. The morphologic change in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues of regucalcin TG rats was demonstrated by using a peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT); morphologic change was great in the femoral tissues of female rats as compared with that of male rats. Mineral content, mineral density and polar strength strain index in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues were markedly reduced in regucalcin TG female rats. A significant decrease in cortical thickness was seen in the femoral diaphysis of regucalcin TG female rats. Calcium content in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues was significantly decreased in regucalcin TG male and female rats; a remarkable decrease was seen in female rats. Femoral-metaphyseal alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly lowered in regucalcin TG female rats. The enzyme activity was not significantly changed in the femoral-diaphyseal tissues of the TG female rats. In the diaphyseal tissue of male rats, the enzyme activity was significantly decreased in the TG rats. A significant decrease in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) content was seen in the metaphyseal tissue of regucalcin TG male rats and in the diaphyseal and metaphyseal tissues of the TG female rats. This study demonstrates that bone loss is induced in the femoral tissue of regucalcin transgenic rats, and that a remarkable decrease in bone morphologic index and biochemical component was seen in the female rats. Regucalcin may be involved in the regulation of bone metabolism.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Rgn  (regucalcin)


Additional Information