RGD Reference Report - Effect of mechanical ventilation on the pulmonary expression and production of elastin in nitrofen-induced diaphragmatic hernia in rats. - Rat Genome Database
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Effect of mechanical ventilation on the pulmonary expression and production of elastin in nitrofen-induced diaphragmatic hernia in rats.

Authors: Guarino, N  Teramoto, H  Shima, H  Oue, T  Puri, P 
Citation: Guarino N, etal., J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Sep;37(9):1253-7.
RGD ID: 9585688
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12194112

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Hypolastic lung in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) shows markedly thickened alveolar walls, increased interstitial tissue, and markedly diminished alveolar air space, showing morphologic immaturity. Decrease in lung compliance and distensibility often is seen in human CDH as well as experimentally produced CDH. Collagen and elastin, critical components of the lung connective tissue, have been suggested to have important influence on lung compliance and maximal expansion. The barotrauma caused by mechanical ventilation is known to produce structural changes in the pulmonary architecture. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and production of elastin in the lung in newborn rats with CDH during mechanical ventilation. METHODS: CDH was induced in rat embryos after administration of nitrofen to pregnant dams on day 9.5 of gestation. Cesarean section was performed on day 21 of gestation. The newborn rats were intubated using a 24-gauge Teflon catheter. After ligation of the umbilical cord, the intubated animals were transferred immediately to a warm plate and connected to a modified ventilator. Ventilation was continued for a maximum of 6 hours. The relative amount of soluble elastin in the lung was assessed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to evaluate the relative amount of tropoelastin mRNA expression in the lung. RESULTS: Elastin mRNA in the CDH lung was increased significantly (P <.01) at one hour after ventilation compared with ventilated controls. Elastin protein significantly increased in the CDH lung at one hour (P <.01) and 6 hours (P <.01) after starting ventilation compared with controls. CONCLUSION: The data show that during mechanical ventilation, elastin production is increased significantly in the CDH lung, and this may further affect lung compliance.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Eln  (elastin)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Eln  (elastin)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
ELN  (elastin)


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