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Tudor: a versatile family of histone methylation 'readers'.

Authors: Lu, R  Wang, GG 
Citation: Lu R and Wang GG, Trends Biochem Sci. 2013 Nov;38(11):546-55. doi: 10.1016/j.tibs.2013.08.002. Epub 2013 Sep 10.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24035451
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.tibs.2013.08.002

The Tudor domain comprises a family of motifs that mediate protein-protein interactions required for various DNA-templated biological processes. Emerging evidence demonstrates a versatility of the Tudor family domains by identifying their specific interactions to a wide variety of histone methylation marks. Here, we discuss novel functions of a number of Tudor-containing proteins [including Jumonji domain-containing 2A (JMJD2A), p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1), SAGA-associated factor 29 (SGF29), Spindlin1, ubiquitin-like with PHD and RING finger domains 1 (UHRF1), PHD finger protein 1 (PHF1), PHD finger protein 19 (PHF19), and SAWADEE homeodomain homolog 1 (SHH1)] in 'reading' unique methylation events on histones in order to facilitate DNA damage repair or regulate transcription. This review covers our recent understanding of the molecular bases for histone-Tudor interactions and their biological outcomes. As deregulation of Tudor-containing proteins is associated with certain human disorders, pharmacological targeting of Tudor interactions could provide new avenues for therapeutic intervention.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 9479148
Created: 2014-08-27
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-08-27
Status: ACTIVE


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