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Serum antioxidative enzymes levels and oxidative stress products in age-related cataract patients.

Authors: Chang, D  Zhang, X  Rong, S  Sha, Q  Liu, P  Han, T  Pan, H 
Citation: Chang D, etal., Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2013;2013:587826. doi: 10.1155/2013/587826. Epub 2013 May 28.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23781296
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1155/2013/587826

PURPOSE: To investigate the activity of antioxidative enzymes and the products of oxidative stress in patients with age-related cataracts and compare the findings with those in healthy control subjects. METHOD: Sixty patients with age-related cataract and sixty healthy controls of matched age and gender were included in this study. Serum samples were obtained to detect the antioxidative enzymes of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and oxidation degradation products of malondialdehyde (MDA), 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), conjugated diene (CD), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), protein carbonyl (PC), and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). RESULTS: Serum SOD, GSH-Px, and CAT activities in cataract group were significantly decreased as compared to the control subjects (P < 0.05). The levels of MDA, 4-HNE, and CD in cataract patients were significantly higher than those in the control subjects (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Cataract patients had higher levels of 8-OHdG, AOPP, and PC with respect to the comparative group of normal subjects (P < 0.01). And there was no statistical significance in concentration of antioxidative enzymes and oxidative stress products in patients with different subtype cataract. CONCLUSIONS: Oxidative stress is an important risk factor in the development of age-related cataract, and augmentation of the antioxidant defence systems may be of benefit to prevent or delay cataractogenesis.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 9068934
Created: 2014-08-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-08-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.