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Peripheral parameters of oxidative stress in Graves' disease: the effects of methimazole and 131 iodine treatments.

Authors: Abalovich, M  Llesuy, S  Gutierrez, S  Repetto, M 
Citation: Abalovich M, etal., Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2003 Sep;59(3):321-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12919155

BACKGROUND: Increased oxidative stress, with elevated levels of free radicals, together with diminished antioxidation have been described previously in models of hyperthyroidism and in patients with Graves' disease. However, controversial results have been found about the antioxidant status and its response to treatment. AIM: To evaluate the antioxidant/oxidant balance in active Graves' disease and the effects of treatment with methimazole (MMI) and 131 iodine (131I). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 69 hyperthyroid (H) patients, 58 female and 11 male, 16-50 years old; total T3: 8 +/- 2 nmol/l, total T4: 264 +/- 65 nmol/l (all mean +/- SD), TSH: 0.1 +/- 0.1 mIU/l, TSH receptor antibody 41 +/- 21%, highest 131Iodine uptake: 67 +/- 16%. As a control group (C), 19 normal adults were studied. DESIGN: Parameters evaluated were: tert-butyl hydroperoxide initiated chemiluminiscence (CL), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and total reactive antioxidant potential (TRAP). RESULTS: In patients vs. controls there was an increase in CL levels (6207 +/- 1434 vs. 3000 +/- 851 cpm/mg of haemoglobin, P < 0.001), decrease in SOD (0.4 +/- 0.1 vs. 0.7 +/- 0.2 U/mg prot, P < 0.05; corresponding to 0.15 micro g/ml), CAT (2.8 +/- 0.6 vs. 3.8 +/- 0.7 pmol/mg prot, P < 0.001) and GSH (1.2 +/- 0.4 vs. 2 +/- 0.7 mmol/l erythrocytes, P < 0.05). The decrease in GPx and TRAP did not show significant differences. The parameters were also recorded in 30 patients who became euthyroid after treatment: 20 of them under MMI therapy (2-12 months) and the rest 3-6 months after 131Iodine administration. All the parameters evaluated were normalized after MMI; however, CL levels stayed high after 131I and only CAT and GSH levels returned to normal values. CONCLUSION: Our results confirm the imbalance of the antioxidant/oxidant status in hyperthyroid patients. MMI treatment was more effective than 131I therapy to improve that balance. We speculate on the benefits of antioxidant therapy administrated together with the habitual treatment of hyperthyroidism, especially in patients after 131I therapy.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 9068908
Created: 2014-08-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-08-22
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.