RGD Reference Report - Up-regulation of clusterin during phthalocyanine 4 photodynamic therapy-mediated apoptosis of tumor cells and ablation of mouse skin tumors. - Rat Genome Database

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Up-regulation of clusterin during phthalocyanine 4 photodynamic therapy-mediated apoptosis of tumor cells and ablation of mouse skin tumors.

Authors: Kalka, K  Ahmad, N  Criswell, T  Boothman, D  Mukhtar, H 
Citation: Kalka K, etal., Cancer Res. 2000 Nov 1;60(21):5984-7.
RGD ID: 8746700
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11085517

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the silicon phthalocyanine photo-sensitizer Pc 4 is an oxidative stress associated with the induction of apoptosis in many cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. The mechanisms of PDT-induced tumor cell killing leading to apoptosis are incompletely understood. Clusterin, a widely expressed glycoprotein, is induced in tissues regressing as a consequence of oxidative stress-mediated cell death. Treatment of apoptosis-sensitive human epidermoid carcinoma cells (A431) with PDT resulted in significant up-regulation of clusterin with a maximum at 12 h after treatment, whereas clusterin levels in Pc 4-PDT-treated, apoptosis-resistant, radiation-induced fibrosarcoma (RIF-1) cells remained unchanged. The i.v. administration of Pc 4 to mice bearing chemically or UVB radiation-induced skin papillomas, followed by light application, led to increased clusterin protein expression, peaking 24 h after the treatment, when tumor regression was apparently visible. These data, for the first time, demonstrate the involvement of clusterin in PDT-mediated cell death and during tumor regression. This may have relevance in improving the efficacy of PDT using pharmacological inducers of clusterin.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    
skin papilloma  (IEP,ISO)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Clu  (clusterin)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Clu  (clusterin)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
CLU  (clusterin)


Additional Information