RGD Reference Report - Protective role of mannan-binding lectin in a murine model of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. - Rat Genome Database

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Protective role of mannan-binding lectin in a murine model of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.

Authors: Kaur, S  Gupta, VK  Thiel, S  Sarma, PU  Madan, T 
Citation: Kaur S, etal., Clin Exp Immunol. 2007 May;148(2):382-9. Epub 2007 Mar 5.
RGD ID: 8693746
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17335555
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2249.2007.03351.x

Innate immune molecules such as lung collectins and serum pentraxins have evolved as important host defence proteins against Aspergillus fumigatus, a medically important opportunistic fungal pathogen. Mannan-binding lectin (MBL), an opsonin and lectin complement pathway activator, constitutes another vital player of innate immunity against several pathogenic organisms in the serum. Studies have reported significant binding of MBL to A. fumigatus; however, the protective role of MBL against A. fumigatus-mediated invasive disease remains elusive. Henceforth, we investigated the contribution of externally administered recombinant human (rh) MBL towards anti-fungal defence in invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) by in vivo and in vitro studies. In murine models of IPA with corticosteroid-induced immunosuppression, rhMBL-treated mice showed 80% survival compared to untreated IPA mice with no survivors. Treated IPA mice also showed a marked increase in tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1alpha and a significant decrease in pulmonary fungal hyphae and IL-10. In vitro, rhMBL-bound A. fumigatus conidia showed a dose-dependent increase in the deposition of C4b, the first product of the lectin pathway. There was an enhanced uptake of A. fumigatus conidia by the polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) in the presence of rhMBL that increased further in the presence of MBL supplemented with MBL-deficient serum. However, an increase in the oxidative burst of PMNs and A. fumigatus killing were observed only when MBL was supplemented with MBL-deficient serum. The study suggests a therapeutic role of ex vivo-administered MBL in host defence against aspergillosis, possibly through MBL-mediated complement activation and other protective mechanisms aimed both directly at the pathogen, and indirectly through modulation of the host inflammatory responses.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Mbl2  (mannose binding lectin 2)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Mbl2  (mannose-binding lectin (protein C) 2)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
MBL2  (mannose binding lectin 2)


Additional Information