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Fas antigen/CD-95 upregulation and activation during castration-induced regression of the rat ventral prostate gland.

Authors: De la Taille, A  Chen, MW  Shabsigh, A  Bagiella, E  Kiss, A  Buttyan, R 
Citation: de la Taille A, etal., Prostate. 1999 Jul 1;40(2):89-96.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10386469

BACKGROUND: Fas antigen/CD 95 is a 45-kDa transmembrane protein that can initiate intracellular signaling pathways, leading to apoptosis when it is clustered on the cell surface. A recent report claiming that the ventral prostate glands of lpr -/- mutant mice (lacking functional fas antigen) do not regress following castration prompted our analysis of the regressing rat ventral prostate gland for evidence that fas antigen might participate in the molecular process leading to prostate cell apoptosis after castration. METHODS: An RNase protection assay and Western blotting analysis were used to quantify fas antigen mRNA and protein expression in the regressing rat ventral prostate gland. Immunoprecipitates of fas antigen from membrane preparations made from control or castrated rat prostates were analyzed for coprecipitation of FADD and RIP proteins to assess the activation state of the fas antigen before and after castration. Finally, prostate tissues obtained from two different strains of lpr -/- mutant mice were analyzed for induced apoptosis after castration by the TUNEL staining method. RESULTS: Rat ventral prostate gland fas antigen mRNA and protein expression was upregulated approximately 3-5-fold in the 3-day castrated rat as compared to hormonally intact rats. Immunoprecipitates of fas antigen from membranes of ventral prostates from castrated rats contained significantly increased amounts of both FADD and RIP proteins when compared to those of intact or control operated rats. However, counts of TUNEL-labeled cells in the ventral prostate glands of castrated lpr -/- mice were not significantly different from those in castrated, genetically normal controls. Likewise, the morphology of apoptotic bodies formed in the prostates of castrated lpr -/- mice was indistinguishable from that in control animals. CONCLUSIONS: Fas antigen/CD-95, a protein that is involved in some forms of apoptosis, is upregulated during regression of the rat ventral prostate gland and becomes functionally "activated." However, our inability to distinguish any difference in the apoptosis rate or in the morphology of the apoptotic bodies formed in response to castration between lpr -/- mice and genetically normal controls indicates that, contrary to the prior report, functional fas protein is not required for castration-induced prostate cell apoptosis.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 8662865
Created: 2014-06-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-06-25
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.