RGD Reference Report - Proinflammatory gene expression at chronic periodontitis and peri-implantitis sites in patients with or without type 2 diabetes. - Rat Genome Database

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Proinflammatory gene expression at chronic periodontitis and peri-implantitis sites in patients with or without type 2 diabetes.

Authors: Venza, I  Visalli, M  Cucinotta, M  De Grazia, G  Teti, D  Venza, M 
Citation: Venza I, etal., J Periodontol. 2010 Jan;81(1):99-108. doi: 10.1902/jop.2009.090358.
RGD ID: 8661721
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20059422
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1902/jop.2009.090358

BACKGROUND: Diabetes and periodontal diseases are often associated. Both have highly inflammatory components, but the role played by distinct phlogistic mediators in their pathogenesis is not fully understood and remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether type 2 diabetes alters the expression of inflammatory mediators in sites with chronic periodontitis (CP) or peri-implantitis (P-IM). METHODS: The expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6 and -8, and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 plus key CC chemokine receptors (CCR1 through 5) and CXC chemokine receptors (CXCR1 through 3) was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in gingival or peri-implant biopsies from 135 patients with well-controlled or poorly controlled diabetes and periodontal disease, 65 patients with periodontal disease but otherwise healthy, and 90 systematically and periodontally healthy subjects. Western blots were performed. RESULTS: Relative to controls, in patients without diabetes and patients with well-controlled diabetes, TNF-alpha, CCR5, and CXCR3 expression was exclusively higher in sites with P-IM (P <0.01), whereas IL-6 and -8 were overexpressed in sites with CP and, even more, in sites with P-IM (P <0.01). In patients with poor glycemic control, TNF-alpha, CCR5, and CXCR3 mRNAs were increased in sites with CP (P <0.01). A statistically significant higher IL-6 and -8 expression from patients without diabetes and patients with well-controlled diabetes was observed compared to patients with poorly controlled diabetes. Regardless of metabolic/glycemic status, MCP-1 and CCR2 and 4 were markedly higher in both of the oral pathologies examined (P <0.01). At the protein levels, Western blot experiments confirmed the real-time PCR results. CONCLUSIONS: These findings showed that: 1) in subjects without diabetes and patients with well-controlled diabetes, TNF-alpha, CCR5, and CXCR3 may constitute distinctive biomarkers of P-IM; 2) poor glycemic control abolished the differences between CP and P-IM regarding the expression of these mediators; and 3) type 2 diabetes affected the expression of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and -8, CCR5, and CXCR3.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Ccl2  (C-C motif chemokine ligand 2)
Ccr2  (C-C motif chemokine receptor 2)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Ccl2  (chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2)
Ccr2  (chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 2)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
CCL2  (C-C motif chemokine ligand 2)
CCR2  (C-C motif chemokine receptor 2)

Objects referenced in this article
0 Ccl12 chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 12 All species
0 Ccl12 chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 12 All species

Additional Information