BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chemokines are known to regulate leukocyte trafficking, recruitment and infiltration in periodontal diseases. The study objective was to determine the effect of an experimental oral/topical chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 2 (CCR2)-antagonist treatment on alveolar bone loss in a mouse model of Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Balb/C mice (n = 41) were randomly assigned to four groups. Group 1 was infected by P. gingivalis applied orally/topically for 5 wk. Group 2 was also infected and then treated with vehicle (aqueous methylcellulose) for an additional 4 wk. Group 3 was infected and orally/topically treated with CCR2 antagonist (10 mg/kg). Group 4 served as a noninfected, nontreated control group. Mice received intraperitoneal injections of Alizarin (30 mg/kg) and calcein (20 mg/kg) three times from the last day of infection to determine mineral deposition, reflecting bone dynamics. Mandibles were analysed by morphometry and confocal fluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: Alveolar bone loss was compared among groups using Tukey's test, and bone formation was qualitatively observed. Infected mice showed significantly greater alveolar bone loss than noninfected control animals (group 1 vs. 4, p < 0.01). Vehicle-treated mice (group 2) showed the largest area of alveolar bone loss (p < 0.01), while mice treated with the CCR2 antagonist showed the smallest area of alveolar bone loss and were similar to the control group (group 3 vs. 4, p = 0.14). Qualitative analysis of fluorescent dye uptake indicated increased bone formation in CCR2-antagonist-treated mice, suggesting an improved bone repairing process. CONCLUSION: The results suggested that treatment with CCR2 antagonist inhibited alveolar bone loss and improved bone formation in this model. These data support further evaluation of CCR2 antagonist as a therapeutic target for the development of new treatment modalities on bacterially induced alveolar bone resorption.