RGD Reference Report - Interleukin-18 promoter polymorphisms in patients with Behcet's disease. - Rat Genome Database

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Interleukin-18 promoter polymorphisms in patients with Behcet's disease.

Authors: Lee, YJ  Kang, SW  Park, JJ  Bae, YD  Lee, EY  Lee, EB  Song, YW 
Citation: Lee YJ, etal., Hum Immunol. 2006 Oct;67(10):812-8. Epub 2006 Aug 23.
RGD ID: 8655897
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17055358
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.humimm.2006.07.012

Behcet's disease (BD) is an idiopathic systemic inflammatory disease and is considered to be a T helper 1 (Th1) type cytokine driven disorder. Moreover, levels of interleukin-18 (IL-18), a pivotal mediator of Th1 cytokine response, have been reported to be upregulated in BD. Therefore, we investigated the distribution of IL-18 promoter -607 C/A and -137 G/C polymorphisms in 103 BD patients (mean age 41.0 years; 48 male, 55 female) using allele-specific-polymerase chain reaction. As compared with healthy control subjects, BD patients had a significantly higher frequency of the -607 CC genotype (42.7% vs 23.3%, odds ratio [OR] = 2.455, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.350-4.461, p(c) = 0.021) and a higher frequency of the -607 C allele (60.7% vs 48.1%, OR = 1.668, 95% CI = 1.129-2.464, p = 0.0101). Haplotype analysis showed that BD patients had significantly less -607A/-137G haplotype (27.3% vs 44.2%, OR = 0.469, 95% CI = 0.268-0.820, p(c) = 0.032) and -607A/-137G haplotype homozygote (5.8% vs 20.4%, OR = 0.242, 95% CI = 0.096-0.612, p(c) = 0.014) than control subjects. In addition, the frequency of -607C/-137G haplotype homozygote was significantly higher in BD patients than control subjects (48.5% vs 20.4%, OR = 3.684, 95% CI = 1.997-6.791, p(c) = 0.0014). Although there were no associations between the polymorphisms and clinical manifestations or severity, patients with the -607 CC genotype or -607C/-137G haplotype homozygote showed significantly earlier symptom development (p = 0.034 by ANOVA; p = 0.009 by t-test, respectively) than those with other genotypes or diplotypes. These results suggest that the IL-18 promoter gene is a candidate susceptibility gene in BD patients.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    
Behcet's disease  (IAGP,ISO)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Il18  (interleukin 18)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Il18  (interleukin 18)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
IL18  (interleukin 18)


Additional Information