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Involvement of interleukin 18 in cataract development in hereditary cataract UPL rats.

Authors: Nagai, N  Ito, Y  Okamura, H 
Citation: Nagai N, etal., J Biochem. 2007 Nov;142(5):597-603.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18006521
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1093/jb/mvm168

Our previous studies have demonstrated that lens epithelial damage by excessive nitric oxide causes an elevation in lens opacification in UPL rats, and it has been reported that interferon-gamma production in lens epithelial cells is involved in cataract development. In this study, we investigated the involvement of interleukin (IL)-18, which leads to interferon-gamma, in UPL rat lenses. The opacification of UPL rat lenses starts at 39 days of age. The gene expression levels causing IL-18 activation (IL-18, IL-18 receptor and caspase-1) are increased at 32 days of age, and the expression of mature IL-18 protein in the UPL rat lenses also increases with ageing. On the other hand, the interferon-gamma levels in UPL rat lenses are increased, and the increase in interferon-gamma levels in UPL rat lenses reaches a maximum at 39 days of age. Mature IL-18 expression and interferon-gamma production are achieved prior to the onset of lens opacification. In conclusion, the expression levels of IL-18 in the lenses of UPL rats are increased with aging. In addition, interferon-gamma levels in the lenses of UPL rats are also increased. It is possible that interferon-gamma generated by the activated IL-18 may induce cataract development in UPL rats.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 8655879
Created: 2014-05-21
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-21
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.