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Polymorphisms in the IL 18 gene are associated with specific sensitization to common allergens and allergic rhinitis.

Authors: Kruse, S  Kuehr, J  Moseler, M  Kopp, MV  Kurz, T  Deichmann, KA  Foster, PS  Mattes, J 
Citation: Kruse S, etal., J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Jan;111(1):117-22.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12532106

BACKGROUND: Atopy has been linked to chromosome 11q22, a region that harbors the IL18 gene. IL-18 enhances IL-4/IL-13 production and induces IgE production that is directly associated with the pathogenesis of atopic disorders. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate whether genetic abnormalities in the regulatory regions of the IL18 gene predispose, in part, to susceptibility to atopy. METHODS: Among a white population of 105 families, the oldest child was examined with regard to atopic phenotypes and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the IL18 gene. RESULTS: We have identified 5 novel SNPs in the IL18 gene (-920[t/c], -133[c/g], and -132[a/g] in promoter 2 [upstream of exon 2]; +179[c/a; Ser35Ser] in exon 4; and +486[c/t; Phe137Phe] in exon 6). Three SNPs are located in promoter 2, and one (-133[c/g]; nuclear factor 1 site) was significantly associated with high serum IgE levels (P =.001; odds ratio, 3.96) and specific sensitization to common allergens (P =.005; OR, 4.12). In addition, previously identified SNPs in exon 1 (+113[t/g] and +127[c/t]) and in promoter 1 (-137[g/c], GATA3 site) of the IL18 gene were significantly associated with high IgE levels (P < or =.005; OR, 3.27-3.90) and specific sensitization (P =.02 to.008; OR, 3.27-3.83). The SNP +127(g/t) in exon 1 was also a susceptibility locus for seasonal allergic rhinitis (P =.008; OR, 3.22). CONCLUSION: IL18 might be responsible for the linkage effects seen in the chromosomal region 11q22, which has been found previously with the phenotype "sensitization to mite allergen." Thus a suspected direct role of IL18 in the pathogenesis of atopy has been strengthened by the presence of 8 common SNPs in the promoter regions of IL18.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 8655871
Created: 2014-05-21
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-21
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.