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Molecular characterization and immunohistochemical localization of palmdelphin, a cytosolic isoform of the paralemmin protein family implicated in membrane dynamics.

Authors: Hu, B  Petrasch-Parwez, E  Laue, MM  Kilimann, MW 
Citation: Hu B, etal., Eur J Cell Biol. 2005 Nov;84(11):853-66.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16323283
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.ejcb.2005.07.002

Palmdelphin is a newly identified cytosolic isoform of paralemmin-1, a lipid raft-associated protein implicated in cell shape control. Like paralemmin-1, palmdelphin is phosphorylated, giving rise to electrophoretic band heterogeneity that is most pronounced in the brain. In ultracentrifugation and gel filtration palmdelphin behaves as a non-globular monomer. Its C-terminal region binds glutamine synthetase. Immunohistochemical analysis of the rat brain shows a prominent localization of palmdelphin in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, septum, indusium griseum, piriform cortex, nucleus supraopticus, and nucleus of the lateral olfactory tract. Many of the circumscript palmdelphin-positive areas are related to the olfactory system. Immunoperoxidase electron microscopy reveals a discontinuous distribution of palmdelphin immunoreactivity, in the form of spots scattered throughout the cytoplasm of selected neuronal perikarya and dendrites, including dendritic spines, often in association with endomembranes, and in a pattern which is similar to that of the cytoplasmic fraction of paralemmin-1. In subcellular fractionation experiments palmdelphin behaves as a cytosolic protein which, however, can be partially recruited from cytosol to the detergent-resistant fraction of a membrane/cytoskeletal cell ghost preparation. These observations suggest that palmdelphin may peripherally associate with endomembranes or cytoskeleton-linked structures.

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RGD ID: 8554800
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE



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