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Importance of the mercury-sensitive cysteine on function and routing of AQP1 and AQP2 in oocytes.

Authors: Mulders, SM  Rijss, JP  Hartog, A  Bindels, RJ  Van Os, CH  Deen, PM 
Citation: Mulders SM, etal., Am J Physiol. 1997 Sep;273(3 Pt 2):F451-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9321919

To discriminate between water transport of of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) mutants in nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and that of an AQP2 molecule used to drag them to the oolemma, we investigated the mercury sensitivity of wild-type and AQP2 C181S proteins in oocytes. Incubation with HgCl2 inhibited the osmotic water permeability (Pf) of human (h) AQP2 by 40%, whereas inhibition of hAQP1 was 75%. Oocytes expressing hAQP1 C189S revealed a Pf comparable to wild-type hAQP1, but mercury sensitivity was lost. In contrast, no increase in Pf was obtained when hAQP2 C181S was expressed. Also, expression of rat AQP2 C181A and C181S mutants did not increase the Pf, which contrasts with published observations. Immunocytochemistry and immunoblotting revealed that only AQP1, AQP1 C189S, and AQP2 were targeted to the plasma membrane and that AQP2 mutant proteins are retarded in the endoplasmic reticulum. In conclusion, water transport through AQP2 is less sensitive to mercury inhibition than through AQP1. Furthermore, substitution of the mercury-sensitive cysteine for a serine results in an impaired routing of human and rat AQP2. Similar mutations have no effect on AQP1 function, which is indicative of structural differences between AQP1 and AQP2.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 8553743
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.