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The c-Myc target gene Rcl (C6orf108) encodes a novel enzyme, deoxynucleoside 5'-monophosphate N-glycosidase.

Authors: Ghiorghi, YK  Zeller, KI  Dang, CV  Kaminski, PA 
Citation: Ghiorghi YK, etal., J Biol Chem. 2007 Mar 16;282(11):8150-6. Epub 2007 Jan 18.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17234634
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M610648200

RCL is a c-Myc target with tumorigenic potential. Genome annotation predicted that RCL belonged to the N-deoxyribosyltransferase family. However, its putative relationship to this class of enzymes did not lead to its precise biochemical function. The purified native or N-terminal His-tagged recombinant rat RCL protein expressed in Escherichia coli exhibits the same enzyme activity, deoxynucleoside 5'-monophosphate N-glycosidase, never before described. dGMP appears to be the best substrate. RCL opens a new route in the nucleotide catabolic pathways by cleaving the N-glycosidic bond of deoxynucleoside 5'-monophosphates to yield two reaction products, deoxyribose 5-phosphate and purine or pyrimidine base. Biochemical studies show marked differences in the terms of the structure and catalytic mechanism between RCL and of its closest enzyme family neighbor, N-deoxyribosyltransferase. The reaction products of this novel enzyme activity have been implicated in purine or pyrimidine salvage, glycolysis, and angiogenesis, and hence are all highly relevant for tumorigenesis.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 8553712
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.