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Functional comparison of the effects of TARPs and cornichons on AMPA receptor trafficking and gating.

Authors: Shi, Y  Suh, YH  Milstein, AD  Isozaki, K  Schmid, SM  Roche, KW  Nicoll, RA 
Citation: Shi Y, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Sep 14;107(37):16315-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1011706107. Epub 2010 Aug 30.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20805473
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1073/pnas.1011706107

Glutamate receptors of the AMPA subtype (AMPARs) mediate fast synaptic transmission in the brain. These ionotropic receptors rely on auxiliary subunits known as transmembrane AMPAR regulatory proteins (TARPs) for both trafficking and gating. Recently, a second family of AMPAR binding proteins, referred to as cornichons, were identified and also proposed to function as auxiliary subunits. Cornichons are transmembrane proteins that modulate AMPAR function in expression systems much like TARPs. In the present study we compare the role of cornichons in controlling AMPA receptor function in neurons and HEK cells to that of TARPs. Cornichons mimic some, but not all, of the actions of TARPs in HEK cells; their role in neurons, however, is more limited. Although expressed cornichons can affect the trafficking of AMPARs, they were not detected on the surface of neurons and failed to alter the kinetics of endogenous AMPARs. This neuronal role is more consistent with that of an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone rather than a bona fide auxiliary subunit.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 8553646
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.