RGD Reference Report - Candidate genes of cerebrovascular disease and sudden sensorineural hearing loss. - Rat Genome Database

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Candidate genes of cerebrovascular disease and sudden sensorineural hearing loss.

Authors: Um, JY  Jang, CH  Kim, KY  Kim, SJ  Kim, NH  Moon, PD  Choi, IY  Myung, NY  Jeong, HJ  Hong, SH  Kim, HM 
Citation: Um JY, etal., Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2010 Oct;16(5):559-62. doi: 10.1177/1076029609348313. Epub 2009 Oct 14.
RGD ID: 8548795
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19833626
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1177/1076029609348313

Auditory dysfunction is related to large/small vessel occlusions and hemorrhage. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) frequently occurs with anterior inferior cerebellar artery occlusion proximal to the internal auditory artery. Moreover, SSNHL has various pathogenetic mechanisms, the main proposed mechanisms being vascular disease, membrane ruptures, infection, and autoimmunity. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is an important cytokine in the inflammation process of cerebrovascular diseases. In the current study, the possible effects of polymorphisms in TNF-alpha and TNF-beta genes on SSNHL are evaluated. Two genetic polymorphisms in the TNF locus (TNF-alpha -308 G - ->A and TNF-beta +252 A - ->G) were investigated as risk factors for SSNHL by determining their prevalence in 97 SSNHL patients and in 587 controls. A significant increase was found for the TNF-beta allele 1 in SSNHL patients compared with the controls (chi( 2) = 7.251, P = .007, odds ratio [OR] = 1.534, confidence interval [CI] = 1.12-2.10). These findings suggest that the TNF-beta +252 locus plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of SSNHL.


Disease Annotations    
Sudden Hearing Loss  (IAGP,ISO)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Lta  (lymphotoxin alpha)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Lta  (lymphotoxin A)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
LTA  (lymphotoxin alpha)

Additional Information