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Is sorbitol dehydrogenase gene expression affected by streptozotocin-diabetes in the rat?

Authors: Kicic, E  Palmer, TN 
Citation: Kicic E and Palmer TN, Biochim Biophys Acta. 1994 May 25;1226(2):213-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8204669

The polyol pathway, which comprises the enzymes aldose reductase and sorbitol dehydrogenase, is recognised to play a major role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Although there has been extensive research on aldose reductase, the role of sorbitol dehydrogenase has been overlooked. This study examined the response of sorbitol dehydrogenase gene expression to streptozotocin-diabetes (STZ-diabetes) in the rat and whether these changes were reversed by insulin. STZ-diabetes increased testicular sorbitol dehydrogenase gene expression in a manner that was not reversible by insulin but had no effect on gene expression in kidney and brain. A secondary question was the relationship between sorbitol dehydrogenase and aldose reductase gene expression in STZ-diabetes. STZ-diabetes increased renal aldose reductase gene expression in a manner that was not reversible by insulin but had no effect on gene expression in the brain, testes and muscle. Thus, STZ-diabetes causes changes in sorbitol dehydrogenase gene expression which do not parallel those in aldose reductase, implying that expression of the two genes is not regulated via a common mechanism. Furthermore, changes in sorbitol dehydrogenase and aldose reductase gene expression cannot be fully explained on the basis of the osmoregulatory hypothesis, suggesting that regulation is mediated via mechanisms that are multifactorial and tissue-specific.

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RGD ID: 8548781
Created: 2014-03-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-03-19
Status: ACTIVE



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