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Tumor necrosis factor beta gene polymorphisms in Graves' disease.

Authors: Badenhoop, K  Schwarz, G  Schleusener, H  Weetman, AP  Recks, S  Peters, H  Bottazzo, GF  Usadel, KH 
Citation: Badenhoop K, etal., J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992 Feb;74(2):287-91.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1346144
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1210/jcem.74.2.1346144

The physical mapping of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and lymphotoxin (TNF beta) genes to the short arm of chromosome 6 in man between the loci for histocompatibility leucocyte antigens (HLA)-B and the complement system focused attention to this genetic region that controls immune responses in many ways. It also holds susceptibility genes for a variety of autoimmune disorders that are linked to specific alleles of loci in the HLA D subregion. We have recently identified a TNF restriction fragment length polymorphism with the enzyme NcoI (K. Badenhoop, G. Schwarz, J. Trowsdale, et al. Diabetologia. 1989;32:445-8). The less frequent fragment of 5.5 kilobase (kb) is in strong linkage disequilibrium with the HLA haplotype A1B8DR3. Since Graves' disease is linked to A1B8DR3, we analyzed TNF gene polymorphisms in a large group of Graves' disease patients and normal controls derived from four Centers. We show here a significant association of TNF beta polymorphisms with Graves' disease. The patients have less homozygotes for the 10.5 kb band (60 of 174, 34%) and more heterozygotes 10.5/5.5 kb (96 of 174, 55%), than 173 controls (49% homozygotes 10.5 kb and 42% heterozygotes; chi 2 = 7.45, P less than 0.03). When DR3+ patients and controls were analyzed separately, heterozygotes were still significantly increased in DR3+ Graves' disease patients (54 of 77, 70%) compared to DR3+ controls (21 of 45, 47%; chi 2 = 6.6, P less than 0.04). Furthermore, TNF fragment heterozygotes were found predominantly in patients, who had TSH-receptor antibodies (29/45, 64%, P less than 0.007), implying that these patients might represent an immunogenetic subset of the disease. Although TNF beta polymorphisms are linked to A1B8DR3, these results suggest that they represent an additional susceptibility marker in Graves' disease.

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RGD ID: 8548778
Created: 2014-03-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-03-19
Status: ACTIVE



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