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Additive effect of aldose reductase Z-4 microsatellite polymorphism and glycaemic control on cataract development in type 2 diabetes.

Authors: Wang, Y  Luk, AO  Ng, MC  Pang, CC  Lam, V  Lee, SC  Lam, DS  Choy, KW  Ma, RC  So, WY  Chan, JC 
Citation: Wang Y, etal., J Diabetes Complications. 2014 Mar-Apr;28(2):147-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2013.10.011. Epub 2013 Oct 31.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24360973
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2013.10.011

AIMS: To examine the additive effect of the z-4 microsatellite polymorphism of aldose reductase gene (ALR2) and glycaemic control on risk of cataract in a prospective cohort of Chinese type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: The (CA)n microsatellite polymorphism of ALR2 was determined using PCR followed by capillary gel electrophoresis. Cataract was defined by presence of lens opacity on direct ophthalmoscopy or history of cataract surgery. A non-linear curve approach was used to identify the threshold of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) at which the odds ratio (OR) for cataract started to increase. The association of z-4 allele with cataract, above and below this threshold, was assessed using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 5823 patients analyzed, 28.1% had cataracts. After adjusting for conventional risk factors and using non-z-4 carriers with HbA1c<8.0% as referent group (n=3173), the OR (95% confidence intervals) for cataract was highest in z-4 carriers with HbA1c>/=8.0% [1.43 (1.05-1.96), n=244], compared to non-z-4 carriers with HbA1c>/=8.0 [1.27 (1.10-1.47), n=1836] and z-4 carriers with HbA1c<8.0%[1.01 (0.77-1.29), n=420, Ptrend<0.001]. This additive association remained significant after additional adjustments for drug use (Ptrend=0.002) and renal function (Ptrend=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In type 2 diabetic patients with suboptimal glycaemic control, the z-4 allele of ALR2 (CA)n polymorphism was independently associated with increased susceptibility to cataracts.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 8548672
Created: 2014-03-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-03-18
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.