RGD Reference Report - Analysis of gene expression profiles in tympanic membrane following perforation using PCR Array in rats--preliminary investigation. - Rat Genome Database
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Analysis of gene expression profiles in tympanic membrane following perforation using PCR Array in rats--preliminary investigation.

Authors: Hassmann-Poznanska, E  Taranta, A  Bialuk, I  Poznanska, M  Zajaczkiewicz, H  Winnicka, MM 
Citation: Hassmann-Poznanska E, etal., Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2013 Oct;77(10):1753-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.08.009. Epub 2013 Aug 21.
RGD ID: 8547981
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24012216
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.08.009

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this work was to identify genes, known to be involved in the skin wound healing, that express differentially in the healthy and injured tympanic membrane (TM), and designate the molecules potentially beneficial for treatment of TM perforation. The molecular mechanisms controlling the course of TM regeneration are far from being elucidated. METHODS: Twenty rats had their tympanic membranes perforated, while four served as a control. Animals were sacrificed on either days 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 post injury, and TMs were immediately dissected and frozen in liquid nitrogen. Total TM RNA was isolated and reversely transcribed. qPCR was performed using Rat Wound Healing RT(2) Profiler PCR Array (QIAGEN) containing primers for 84 genes. RESULTS: Statistically significant changes in the expression of 42 genes were found in various stages of TM healing. The increased expression of genes taking part in the inflammatory reaction (interleukin 6, granulocyte and macrophage chemotactic proteins) was observed from day 2. The expression of several genes of extracellular matrix components and their remodeling enzymes was also changed. Among growth factor genes: Vegfa, Igf1 and Hbegf showed increased expression at the beginning of the healing process, while Hgf expression was highest on day 3. CONCLUSIONS: Several changes in the expression of genes involved in remodeling of extracellular matrix point to important role of connective tissue in TM healing. The molecules accelerating this process, like HbEGF and HGF, seem to be good candidates for further evaluation of their possible use in clinical treatment.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Il6  (interleukin 6)
Vegfa  (vascular endothelial growth factor A)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Il6  (interleukin 6)
Vegfa  (vascular endothelial growth factor A)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
IL6  (interleukin 6)
VEGFA  (vascular endothelial growth factor A)


Additional Information