Squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx: Ki-67 and p53 can identify patients at high risk for local recurrence after surgery and postoperative radiotherapy.

Authors: Grabenbauer, GG  Muhlfriedel, C  Rodel, F  Niedobitek, G  Hornung, J  Rodel, C  Martus, P  Iro, H  Kirchner, T  Steininger, H  Sauer, R  Weidenbecher, M  Distel, L 
Citation: Grabenbauer GG, etal., Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2000 Nov 1;48(4):1041-50.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11072161

PURPOSE: To assess the prognostic value of biologic (p53, Ki-67) and clinical factors in squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx after radical surgery and postoperative radiotherapy (RT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 1985 and 1995, a total of 102 patients with 104 tumor sites were entered onto the study. Fifty-five primary tumors (53%) involved the tonsils, 26 (25%) the soft palate, and 23 (22%) the base of the tongue. Median age was 53 years (range 36-80 years). The clinical T- and N-categories (UICC 1997) were: T1 (30), T2 (47), T3 (22), T4 (5), N0 (33), N1 (28), N2 (42), and N3 (1). Histologically-clear margins were achieved in all patients by initial surgery. Postoperative RT to the primary and regional lymphatics was given, to a total of 60 Gy in 6 weeks, and single daily fractions of 2 Gy. The expression of the nuclear p53- and Ki-67-labeling index (LI) was investigated by immunostaining using the monoclonal antibodies DO-7 and MIB 1. The nuclear p53-intensity (p53-I) was graded into 4 categories (0/+/++/) by densitometry. Median follow-up was 43 months (range 14-132 months). RESULTS: Cancer-specific survival, disease-free survival, and locoregional tumor control rates were 74%, 69%, and 75%, respectively, at 5 years. Significant prognostic factors for disease-free survival were: T-category (T1/2: 77% vs. T3/4: 53%, p = 0.02), tumor site (tonsils: 79% vs. soft palate: 70% vs. base of tongue: 45%, p = 0.05), duration of RT (< or = 46 days: 80% vs. > 46 days: 60%, p = 0.04), Ki-67 LI (< or = 20%: 84% vs. > 20%: 49%, p = 0.006) and p53-I (0/+: 56% vs. ++/ : 79%, p = 0.008). A significant prognostic impact on locoregional control was noted for the duration of RT (< or = 46 days: 86% vs. > 46 days: 68%, p = 0.01), tumor site (tonsils: 88% vs. soft palate: 67% vs. base of tongue: 51%, p = 0.02), Ki-67 LI (< or = 20% LI: 87% vs. > 20% LI: 56%, p = 0.018), and the p53-I (0/+: 58% vs. ++/ : 88%, p = 0.0006). On multivariate analysis, the p53 nuclear intensity (p = 0.002) and the Ki-67 index (p = 0.01) remained the only significant factors for locoregional control. CONCLUSION: Ki-67 labeling index above 20% and a weak p53 nuclear intensity (0/+) are both able to identify patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx being at high risk for local recurrence after surgery and postoperative RT. Consequently, in this subgroup an intensification of treatment may be contemplated in prospective trials.

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RGD ID: 8547874
Created: 2014-02-27
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-02-27
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.