RGD Reference Report - Associations of thrombophilia, hypofibrinolysis, and retinal vein occlusion. - Rat Genome Database

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Associations of thrombophilia, hypofibrinolysis, and retinal vein occlusion.

Authors: Glueck, CJ  Wang, P  Bell, H  Rangaraj, V  Goldenberg, N 
Citation: Glueck CJ, etal., Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2005 Oct;11(4):375-89.
RGD ID: 8547742
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16244763

We prospectively assessed whether thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis, amplified by thrombophilic hormone replacement therapy (HRT), were associated with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). We studied 44 cases (18 men, 26 women), > or = 3 months after RVO, 42 with central RVO, 2 with branch RVO, in the consecutive order of their referral by 2 community-based ophthalmologists. PCR and serologic coagulation assays were compared to 83 and 40 healthy adult normal controls, respectively. The 4G allele frequency of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene, associated with hypofibrinolysis, was 56 of 88 (64%) in cases vs 79 of 166 (48%) in controls, X(2) = 5.95, p = .015. The PAI-1 gene product, plasminogen activator inhibitor activity (PAI-Fx), was higher in cases than controls (age-race-sex- adjusted mean 12.2 U/mL vs 6.3, p = .013). By stepwise logistic regression, the PAI-1 gene 4G allele was associated with RVO, odds ratio 1.94, 95% CI 1.12-3.34, p = .018. Thrombophilic resistance to activated protein C (RAPC) was present in 6 of 32 (19%) of cases vs 0 of 40 (0%) controls, Fisher's p [p(f)] = .006. Thrombophilic high factor VIII (> 150%) was present in 3 of 30 (10%) cases vs 0 of 40 (0%) controls, p = .041, p(f) = .07. Comparing 23 RVO cases < or = age 55 and controls < or = age 55 (n = 44 for PCR, n = 40 for serologic measures), RAPC was present in 17% of cases vs 0% controls (p(f) = .026), high Factor VIII in 17% vs 0% (p(f) = .026), heterozygosity for the G1691A Factor V Leiden mutation in 13% vs 2% (p(f) = 0.11), and the 4G allele frequency of the PAI-1 gene 74% vs 39% (p = .0001). PAI-Fx was higher in cases than controls (age-race-sex adjusted mean 12.7 U/mL vs 6.7, p = .016). The case-control odds ratio for the PAI-1 4G allele was 5.54, 95% CI = 1.86-16.7, p = .002. Of the 26 women, 9 (35%) took HRT; 4 of the 9 had PAI-1 gene 4G4G homozygosity, 2 had thrombophilic high anticardiolipin antibody (IgG), 1 was heterozygous for the G1691A Factor V Leiden mutation, and 2 were heterozygous for the thrombophilic PL A1/A2 mutation of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa gene. Associations between heritable coagulation disorders and RVO, most marked in cases < or = age 55, and often amplified in women by thrombophilic HRT, are, speculatively, causal.

Annotation

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Phenotype Annotations    

Human Phenotype
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Serpine1  (serpin family E member 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Serpine1  (serine (or cysteine) peptidase inhibitor, clade E, member 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
SERPINE1  (serpin family E member 1)


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