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Protection conferred by selenium deficiency against aflatoxin B1 in the rat is associated with the hepatic expression of an aldo-keto reductase and a glutathione S-transferase subunit that metabolize the mycotoxin.

Authors: McLeod, R  Ellis, EM  Arthur, JR  Neal, GE  Judah, DJ  Manson, MM  Hayes, JD 
Citation: McLeod R, etal., Cancer Res. 1997 Oct 1;57(19):4257-66.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9331086

Fischer 344 rats fed on a diet that is deficient in selenium are more resistant to the hepatocarcinogen aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) than those fed on a selenium-sufficient diet. Hepatic cytosol from either selenium-deficient Fischer 344 rats or Hooded Lister rats possesses a marked increase in both reductase activity toward AFB1-dialdehyde and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity toward AFB(1)-8,9-epoxide than hepatic cytosol from selenium-sufficient rats. The elevation in hepatic AFB1-aldehyde reductase (AFAR) activity in selenium-deficient animals is accompanied by an increase of 11- and 15-fold in the levels of AFAR protein in liver cytosol from Fischer 344 and Hooded Lister rats, respectively. The amount of AFAR protein in selenium-sufficient and -deficient Fischer rats was modulated by treatment with N-acetylcysteine; this antioxidant reduced basal expression of AFAR but did not modulate the relative overexpression of AFAR during selenium deficiency. The enhanced capacity to conjugate glutathione with AFB(1)-8,9-epoxide in selenium-deficient livers from Fischer 344 and Hooded Lister rats is associated with a 5- and 7-fold increase, respectively, in the hepatic levels of the AFB1-metabolizing alpha-class GSTA5 subunit. The elevated levels of AFAR and GSTA5 protein in the selenium-deficient animals coincided with increases in the steady-state levels of their mRNAs. In selenium-deficient Fischer 344 rats, AFAR and GSTA5 were both found to be expressed throughout the centrilobular and midzonal areas of the liver lobule but were essentially absent from periportal hepatocytes. The effect of selenium insufficiency is pleiotropic, and it was also noted that the theta-class GSTT1 is overexpressed 3- and 10-fold in livers of selenium-deficient Hooded Lister and Fischer 344 rats. Inasmuch as GSTT1 is responsible for the metabolic activation of dihaloalkanes, selenium deficiency may increase the susceptibility of rats to mutagens such as dichloromethane.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 7794857
Created: 2014-01-14
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-01-14
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.