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Nitrite exerts potent negative inotropy in the isolated heart via eNOS-independent nitric oxide generation and cGMP-PKG pathway activation.

Authors: Pellegrino, D  Shiva, S  Angelone, T  Gladwin, MT  Tota, B 
Citation: Pellegrino D, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009 Jul;1787(7):818-27. doi: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2009.02.007. Epub 2009 Feb 24.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19248761
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.bbabio.2009.02.007

The ubiquitous anion nitrite (NO(2)(-)) has recently emerged as an endocrine storage form of nitric oxide (NO) and a signalling molecule that mediates a number of biological responses. Although the role of NO in regulating cardiac function has been investigated in depth, the physiological signalling effects of nitrite on cardiac function have only recently been explored. We now show that remarkably low concentrations of nitrite (1 nM) significantly modulate cardiac contractility in isolated and perfused Langendorff rat heart. In particular, nitrite exhibits potent negative inotropic and lusitropic activities as evidenced by a decrease in left ventricular pressure and relaxation, respectively. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the nitrite-dependent effects are mediated by NO formation but independent of NO synthase (NOS) activity. Specifically, nitrite infusion in the Langendorff system produces NO and cGMP/PKG-dependent negative inotropism, as evidenced by the formation of cellular iron-nitrosyl complexes and inhibition of biological effect by NO scavengers and by PKG inhibitors. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that nitrite represents an eNOS-independent source of NO in the heart which modulates cardiac contractility through the NO-cGMP/PKG pathway. The observed high potency of nitrite supports a physiological function of nitrite as a source of cardiomyocyte NO and a fundamental signalling molecule in the heart.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 7777121
Created: 2014-01-02
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-01-02
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.