RGD Reference Report - Identification a novel MYOC gene mutation in a Chinese family with juvenile-onset open angle glaucoma. - Rat Genome Database

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Identification a novel MYOC gene mutation in a Chinese family with juvenile-onset open angle glaucoma.

Authors: Zhao, X  Yang, C  Tong, Y  Zhang, X  Xu, L  Li, Y 
Citation: Zhao X, etal., Mol Vis. 2010 Aug 25;16:1728-35.
RGD ID: 7394828
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20806035

PURPOSE: To describe the clinical and genetic findings in one Chinese family with juvenile-onset open angle glaucoma (JOAG). METHODS: One family was examined clinically and a follow-up took place 5 years later. After informed consent was obtained, genomic DNA was extracted from the venous blood of all participants. Linkage analysis was performed with three microsatellite markers around the MYOC gene (D1S196, D1S2815, and D1S218) in the family. Mutation screening of all coding exons of MYOC was performed by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified DNA fragments and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. Bioinformatics analysis by the Garnier-Osguthorpe-Robson (GOR) method predicted the effects of variants detected on secondary structures of the MYOC protein. RESULTS: Clinical examination and pedigree analysis revealed a three- generation family with seven members diagnosed with JOAG, three with ocular hypertension, and five normal individuals. Through genotyping, the pedigree showed a linkage to the MYOC on chromosome 1q24-25. Mutation screening of MYOC in this family revealed an A-->T transition at position 1348 (p. N450Y) of the cDNA sequence. This missense mutation co-segregated with the disease phenotype of the family, but was not found in 100 normal controls. Secondary structure prediction of the p.N450Y by the GOR method revealed the replacement of a coil with a beta sheet at the amino acid 447. CONCLUSIONS: Early onset JOAG, with incomplete penetrance, is consistent with a novel mutation in MYOC. The finding provides pre-symptomatic molecular diagnosis for the members of this family and is useful for further genetic consultation.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    
juvenile glaucoma  (IAGP,ISO)

Phenotype Annotations    

Human Phenotype
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Myoc  (myocilin)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Myoc  (myocilin)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
MYOC  (myocilin)


Additional Information