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Cytokine involvement in dynorphin-induced allodynia.

Authors: Laughlin, TM  Bethea, JR  Yezierski, RP  Wilcox, GL 
Citation: Laughlin TM, etal., Pain. 2000 Feb;84(2-3):159-67.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10666520

Dynorphin A is an endogenous opioid peptide, which has previously been shown to produce a long-lasting allodynia and hyperalgesia in mice, behavioral states consistent with signs of clinically observed neuropathic pain. This dynorphin-induced allodynia was used as a pharmacological, central model of neuropathic pain. In this study, we examined the involvement of the cytokine IL-1beta, the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB), and de novo protein synthesis in the development of allodynia induced by intrathecal (i.t.) administration of dynorphin in male ICR mice. Pretreatment with the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (0. 3-85nmol), the NF-kappaB inhibitor pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (PDTC) (0.001-1000pmol), the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) protein (0. 01-100ng), the caspase-1 inhibitor (YVAD) (0.1-300pmol), and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 (0.1-300ng) all dose-dependently reduced the induction of dynorphin-induced allodynia. Finally, IL-10 administered within the first 24h after the dynorphin insult prevented the development of chronic allodynia. These results demonstrate that the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and IL-1ra impede the development of dynorphin-induced allodynia. These results also suggest that production of new proteins through NF-kappaB activation is required for the induction of allodynia. We speculate that IL-1ra, IL-10, PDTC and cycloheximide interfere with the central pro-inflammatory cascade. Modulation of cytokine activity in the spinal cord may therefore prove to be an effective therapeutic strategy for the treatment of chronic pain.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 7365087
Created: 2013-10-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-10-18
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.