RGD Reference Report - Murine cytomegalovirus downregulates interleukin-17 in mice with retrovirus-induced immunosuppression that are susceptible to experimental cytomegalovirus retinitis. - Rat Genome Database

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Murine cytomegalovirus downregulates interleukin-17 in mice with retrovirus-induced immunosuppression that are susceptible to experimental cytomegalovirus retinitis.

Authors: Blalock, EL  Chien, H  Dix, RD 
Citation: Blalock EL, etal., Cytokine. 2013 Mar;61(3):862-75. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2013.01.009. Epub 2013 Feb 14.
RGD ID: 7364815
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23415673
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.cyto.2013.01.009

Interleukin-17 (IL-17), a pro-inflammatory cytokine produced by CD4+ Th17 cells, has been associated with the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases including uveitis. The fate of IL-17 during HIV/AIDS, however, remains unclear, and a possible role for IL-17 in the pathogenesis of AIDS-related diseases has not been investigated. Toward these ends, we performed studies using a well-established animal model of experimental murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) retinitis that develops in C57/BL6 mice with retrovirus-induced immunosuppression (MAIDS). After establishing baseline levels for IL-17 production in whole splenic cells of healthy mice, we observed a significant increase in IL-17 mRNA levels in whole splenic cells of mice with MAIDS of 4-weeks (MAIDS-4), 8-weeks (MAIDS-8), and 10-weeks (MAIDS-10) duration. In contrast, enriched populations of splenic CD4+ T cells, splenic macrophages, and splenic neutrophils exhibited a reproducible decrease in levels of IL-17 mRNA during MAIDS progression. To explore a possible role for IL-17 during the pathogenesis of MAIDS-related MCMV retinitis, we first demonstrated constitutive IL-17 expression in retinal photoreceptor cells of uninfected eyes of healthy mice. Subsequent studies, however, revealed a significant decrease in intraocular levels of IL-17 mRNA and protein in MCMV-infected eyes of MAIDS-10 mice during retinitis development. That MCMV infection might cause a remarkable downregulation of IL-17 production was supported further by the finding that systemic MCMV infection of healthy, MAIDS-4, or MAIDS-10 mice also significantly decreased IL-17 mRNA production by splenic CD4+ T cells. Based on additional studies using IL-10 -/- mice infected systemically with MCMV and IL-10 -/- mice with MAIDS infected intraocularly with MCMV, we propose that MCMV infection downregulates IL-17 production via stimulation of suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 and interleukin-10.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Il10  (interleukin 10)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Il10  (interleukin 10)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
IL10  (interleukin 10)


Additional Information