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Prevalence of GJB2 (CX26) gene mutations in south Iranian patients with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss.

Authors: Hashemi, SB  Ashraf, MJ  Saboori, M  Azarpira, N  Darai, M 
Citation: Hashemi SB, etal., Mol Biol Rep. 2012 Dec;39(12):10481-7. doi: 10.1007/s11033-012-1929-9. Epub 2012 Oct 17.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23073770
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1007/s11033-012-1929-9

Hereditary hearing loss is a genetically heterogeneous disorder. Mutations in connexin 26 (CX26), are a major cause in many countries and are largely dependent on ethnic groups. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of GJB2 mutations among affected individuals from south of Iran. Fifty patients presenting with autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss from Fars, province in south of Iran, were studied for mutations in GJB2 gene and screened by direct sequencing. Mutations were detected in 15 out of 50 patients (30 %). Eight different mutations were identified; six of them were previously identified (35delG, V27I M34V, V153I, A149T, V198M). The remaining two alleles, L28I and N169T, were novel variants. The most common mutations were 35delG followed by V153I with an allele frequency of 7 and 6 %, respectively. In this study, 30 % of our subjects were found to have the causative variants or polymorphisms in GJB2 and the c.35delG mutation was the most common cause in our patients. However, more study with larger sample size as well as in vitro functional study for these new variants in Xenopus oocytes is required.

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RGD ID: 7364798
Created: 2013-09-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-09-30
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.