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Genomic characterization of MOZ/CBP and CBP/MOZ chimeras in acute myeloid leukemia suggests the involvement of a damage-repair mechanism in the origin of the t(8;16)(p11;p13).

Authors: Panagopoulos, I  Isaksson, M  Lindvall, C  Hagemeijer, A  Mitelman, F  Johansson, B 
Citation: Panagopoulos I, etal., Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2003 Jan;36(1):90-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12461753
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/gcc.10137

The t(8;16)(p11;p13), which is strongly associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) displaying monocytic differentiation, erythrophagocytosis by the leukemic cells, and a poor response to chemotherapy, fuses the MOZ gene (8p11) with the CBP gene (16p13). Although genomic rearrangements of MOZ and CBP have been detected using fluorescence in situ hybridization and Southern blot analyses, characterization of the breakpoints at the sequence level has never been performed. We have sequenced the breakpoints in four t(8;16)-positive AML cases with the aim to identify molecular genetic mechanisms underlying the origin of this translocation. In addition, an exon/intron map of the MOZ gene was constructed, which was found to be composed of 17 exons. Long-range-PCR with CBP forward primers in exon 2 and MOZ reverse primers in exon 17 as well as with a MOZ forward primer in exon 16 and a CBP reverse primer in intron 2 successfully amplified CBP/MOZ and MOZ/CBP hybrid genomic DNA fragments in all four AMLs. The breaks clustered in both CBP intron 2 and MOZ intron 16, and were close to repetitive elements, and in one case an Alu-Alu junction for the CBP/MOZ hybrid was identified. Additional genomic events (i.e., deletions, duplications, and insertions) in the breakpoint regions in both the MOZ and CBP genes were found in all four cases. Thus, the t(8;16) does not originate through a simple end-to-end fusion. The findings of multiple breaks and rearrangements rather suggest the involvement of a damage-repair mechanism in the origin of this translocation.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 734819
Created: 2004-02-03
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-02-03
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.