Role of the proline-rich domain of dynamin-2 and its interactions with Src homology 3 domains during endocytosis of the AT1 angiotensin receptor.
Szaszak, M Gaborik, Z Turu, G McPherson, PS Clark, AJ Catt, KJ Hunyady, L
||Szaszak M, etal., J Biol Chem 2002 Jun 14;277(24):21650-6.
||(View Article at PubMed) PMID:11925437
In nonneural tissues, the dynamin-2 isoform participates in the formation of clathrin-coated vesicles during receptor endocytosis. In this study, the mechanism of dynamin-2 action was explored during endocytosis of the G protein-coupled AT1A angiotensin receptor expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Dynamin-2 molecules with mutant pleckstrin homology domains or deleted proline-rich domains (PRD) exerted dominant negative inhibition on the endocytosis of radiolabeled angiotensin II. However, only the PRD mutation interfered with the localization of the dynamin-2 molecule to clathrin-coated pits and reduced the inhibitory effect of the GTPase-deficient K44A mutant dynamin-2. Green fluorescent protein-tagged Src homology 3 (SH3) domains of endophilin I and amphiphysin II, two major binding partners of dynamins, also inhibited AT1A receptor-mediated endocytosis of angiotensin II. These effects were partially or fully, respectively, restored by the overexpression of dynamin-2. Transient overexpression of these SH3 domains also reduced the localization of dynamin-2 to clathrin-coated pits. These data indicate that, similar to the recruitment of dynamin-1 during the recycling of synaptic vesicles, interaction of the dynamin-2 PRD with SH3 domains of proteins such as the amphiphysins and endophilins is essential for AT1A receptor endocytosis. This mechanism could be of general importance in dynamin-dependent endocytosis of other G protein-coupled receptors in nonneural tissues.
Objects referenced in this article
||angiotensin II receptor, type 1b