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30-kDa heparin-binding protein of brain (amphoterin) involved in neurite outgrowth. Amino acid sequence and localization in the filopodia of the advancing plasma membrane.

Authors: Merenmies, J  Pihlaskari, R  Laitinen, J  Wartiovaara, J  Rauvala, H 
Citation: Merenmies J, etal., J Biol Chem 1991 Sep 5;266(25):16722-9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1885601

A cDNA library constructed from mRNA of rat brain was used to clone the cDNA that encodes the 30-kDa heparin-binding protein (amphoterin) that is developmentally regulated in brain and enhances neurite outgrowth in cerebral neurons. cDNA and peptide sequencing identified a dipolar sequence that has been previously found in studies of high mobility group 1 protein: the 184-amino acid cationic region is followed by a cluster of 30 anionic residues. The mRNA encoding amphoterin is also developmentally regulated; it is strongly reduced in quantity after the rapid perinatal growth phase of the rat brain. Anti-synthetic peptide antibodies raised according to the sequence of amphoterin were shown to bind specifically to the protein isolated from brain, and were used to detect amphoterin in subcellular fractions and in immunostaining of cells. Amphoterin was found in the cytoplasm of the cell soma, in the cell processes, and the substrate-attached material. In cells that are at an active stage of spreading and extending their cytoplasmic processes amphoterin was especially associated with plasma membrane filopodia. The distinct localization to the filopodia of the advancing plasma membrane suggests that endogenous amphoterin has a role in the extension of neurite-type cytoplasmic processes in developing cells. This inference is further supported by the finding that both anti-amphoterin and the anti-synthetic peptide antibodies in the culture media strongly inhibit the outgrowth of cytoplasmic processes.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 728426
Created: 2003-11-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2003-11-19
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.