RGD Reference Report - Functional characterization and role of INrf2 in antioxidant response element-mediated expression and antioxidant induction of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase1 gene. - Rat Genome Database

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Functional characterization and role of INrf2 in antioxidant response element-mediated expression and antioxidant induction of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase1 gene.

Authors: Dhakshinamoorthy, S  Jaiswal, AK 
Citation: Dhakshinamoorthy S and Jaiswal AK, Oncogene 2001 Jun 28;20(29):3906-17.
RGD ID: 727319
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11439354
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1038/sj.onc.1204506

Antioxidant response element (ARE) and nuclear transcription factor Nrf2 are known to regulate expression and coordinated induction of NQO1 and other detoxifying enzyme genes in response to antioxidants and xenobiotics. A cytosolic inhibitor of Nrf2, INrf2, that retains Nrf2 in the cytoplasm, was cloned and sequenced. Treatment of cells with antioxidants and xenobiotics results in the release of Nrf2 from INrf2. Nrf2 then moves in the nucleus. This leads to the induction of ARE-mediated NQO1 and other detoxifying enzyme genes expression. INrf2 after dissociation from Nrf2 remains in the cytosol. Overexpression of INrf2 repressed ARE-mediated NQO1 gene expression. Deletion mapping of INrf2 revealed the requirement of KELCH domain (amino acid residues 361-597) and C-terminal region (amino acid residues 598-624) in retention of Nrf2 in the cytosol. Both these regions of INrf2 independently retained Nrf2 in the cytosol leading to the repression of ARE-mediated NQO1 gene expression. These results may indicate that two different regions of INrf2 interact with a single molecule of Nrf2 or two or more molecules of Nrf2 interact with a single molecule of INrf2. The transcription of Nrf2 and INrf2 did not change in response to antioxidants and xenobiotics. This indicated that INrf2 and/or Nrf2 might be post-transcriptionally modified in response to antioxidants and xenobiotics leading to the release of Nrf2 from INrf2 and induction of ARE-mediated NQO1 and other detoxifying enzyme genes expression.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Molecular Function

Molecular Pathway Annotations    
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Keap1  (Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Keap1  (kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
KEAP1  (kelch like ECH associated protein 1)


Additional Information