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Intrinsic renal cell expression of CD40 directs Th1 effectors inducing experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis.

Authors: Ruth, AJ  Kitching, AR  Semple, TJ  Tipping, PG  Holdsworth, SR 
Citation: Ruth AJ, etal., J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Nov;14(11):2813-22.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:14569091

Evidence suggests that human and experimental crescentic GN results from Th1-predominant immunity to glomerular antigens. CD40/CD154 signaling plays a key role in initiating Th1 responses and may direct Th1 effector responses. The role of CD40 in the development of GN was assessed in murine experimental anti-glomerular basement membrane GN. In this model, C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice sensitized to sheep globulin develop crescentic GN resulting from Th1 effector responses when challenged with sheep globulin planted in glomeruli. CD40-/- mice do not develop immunity in response to sheep globulin and thus fail to develop effector responses or significant GN. CD40 is expressed in nephritic glomeruli, suggesting a potential role for intrarenal CD40-CD154 interactions in injurious effector responses. Immune neutralization of the CD40 ligand (CD154) at the time of challenge significantly reduced accumulation of Th1 effectors and injury. The role of CD40 expression by renal cells was assessed by comparing GN in WT-->CD40-/- chimeras (absent renal but intact bone marrow CD40) and sham chimeric mice (WT-->WT). Both groups developed strong antigen-specific immune responses (antibody and IFN-gamma production). However, WT-->CD40-/- chimeras demonstrated reduced renal monocyte chemotactic protein 1 and IFN-inducible protein 10 mRNA levels and minimal T cell and macrophage influx and were protected from renal injury. Sham chimeric mice developed reduced GFR, with prominent renal expression of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 and IFN-inducible protein 10 mRNA and effector cell accumulation. In conclusion, the expression of CD40 by nonimmune renal cells plays a major role in Th1 effector responses by inducing Th1 chemokine production. Therefore, CD40-CD154 interactions are a potential therapeutic target in GN.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 7248599
Created: 2013-08-09
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-08-09
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.